Community-based population-level interventions for promoting child oral health

Cochrane Public Health GroupDOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009837.pub2 AbstractBackgroundDental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health.ObjectivesPrimary• To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age.Secondary• To determine the most effective types of interventions (environmental, social, community and multi-component) and guiding theoretical frameworks.• To identify interventions that reduce inequality in oral health outcomes.• To examine the influence of context in the design, delivery and outcomes of interventions.Search methodsWe searched the following databases from January 1996 to April 2014: MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Education Resource Information Center (ERIC), BIOSIS Previews, Web of Science, the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), ScienceDirect, Sociological Abstracts, Social Science Citation Index, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, ProQuest Dissertations&Theses and Conference Proceedings Citation I...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

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The purpose of this paper is to identify risk factors for decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) in a population of 12 –15-year-old schoolchildren and to apply the marginalized zero-inflated negative binomial (MZINB) model for determination and estimation of the overall effects of the risk factors. A cross-sectional survey comprising 764 students aged between 12 and 15 years was used to analyze the association bet ween caries in children and some background characteristics in children and their parents. Information on the samples’ social, behavioral, and demographic status was obtained through a se...
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsDental caries and its complications like pulpal problems were the most important reason for children who underwent GA combined with young age (
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
NHS England and NHS Improvement have launched a campaign to help parents and carers stop children under five from experiencing tooth decay.
Source: NHS Networks - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Conclusion: CH with PEG performed better than CH with saline as capping material for pulpotomy of primary teeth. However, both combinations yielded clinical and radiographic results inferior to those of MTA alone.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children of Bhubaneswar city and to determine its relationship with feeding practices and socio-economic status of the family.MethodsA cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 320 preschool children aged 3 to 6  years from randomly selected preschools of Bhubaneswar. A structured questionnaire was filled by parents for each child. Clinical examination included the recording of dental caries (dmft) using WHO criteria. Chi-square test and ANOVA with post hoc Bonferroni were used for statistical analysis.ResultsMean age of the ...
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Alex M. ValmAbstractThe human oral cavity harbors diverse communities of microbes that live as biofilms: highly ordered, surface-associated assemblages of microbes embedded in an extracellular matrix. Oral microbial communities contribute to human health by fine-tuning immune responses and reducing dietary nitrate. Dental caries and periodontal disease are together the most prevalent microbially-mediated human diseases, worldwide. Both of these oral diseases are known to be caused not by the introduction of exogenous pathogens to t...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
(Natural News) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) calls the process of adding fluoride to drinking water to improve dental health “one of the ten most important public health advances of the 20th century,” claiming that it significantly decreases rates of dental decay. Water fluoridation has been the official government policy of the...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Bifidobacterium is frequently detected in early childhood caries and white spot lesions, indicating that it is a novel caries-associated bacterium. Bifidobacterium is known to possess a unique metabolic pathway, the “bifid shunt”, which might give it cariogenic potential by increasing its acid production. Thus, we evaluated the acid-producing activity of Bifidobacterium and its sensitivity to fluoride, a caries preventive reagent. B. longum, B. dentium, and Streptococcus mutans were used. Acid-producing activity was measured using a pH-stat in the absence and presence of fluoride under anaerobic conditions. Fur...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Health groups say sweetened drinks pose real — and preventable — health risks, including tooth decay and diabetes
Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
kte To describe the current oral health care needs and the number and category of dental personnel required to provide necessary services in South Africa (SA). This is a review of the current disease burden based on local epidemiological studies and the number of oral health personnel registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA). In SA, oral health services are rendered by oral hygienists, dental therapists, dentists, and dental specialists. Dental caries remains one of the most prevalent conditions, and much of them are untreated. The majority of oral care providers are employed in the privat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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