Quantitative evaluation and discrimination of wild Paris polyphylla var . yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz from three regions of Yunnan Province using UHPLC –UV–MS and UV spectroscopy couple with partial least squares discriminant analysis

In this study, a convenient and accurate method was established using ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) for simultaneous determination of four steroid saponins (Pa, Pb, polyphyllin VI, and chonglou saponin VII). Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) according to UHPLC and UV spectroscopy was applied to analyze 30 samples of PPY from three regions of Yunnan Province in China, and identify significant peaks. The results indicated that the correlation coefficients (r2) of all calibration curves were above 0.999, and the inter- and intra-day relative standard deviations (RSD) of retention time and peak areas of common peaks were below 1.78  % and 3.40 %, respectively, with recovery rates of 99.6–103.4 % with RSD ≤2 %. Quantitative analysis implied that the average values of total saponins in PPY from south Yunnan Province (19.9 mg/g) were higher than in the central (8.79 mg/g) district. Thus, further investigation could foc us on the southern region to seek high quality PPY. The analysis found that PLS-DA for ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy, which could separate the samples from three regions, was more appropriate than UHPLC. Retention times during 20–30.75 min of UHPLC, and absorption at 200–300 nm of the UV spect rum were identified as significant peaks for distinguishing PPY from different regions.
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe acquired optimal ME collimator and energy window along with using a suitable reconstruction algorithm lead to improved contrast and SNR of90Y bremsstrahlung images of hot spheres of the digital Jaszczak phantom. This can improve the accuracy and precision of the90Y activity distribution estimation after radioembolization in targeted radionuclide therapy.
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of [99mTc]sestamibi ([99mTc]MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging for the identification of dystonic muscles in primary cervical dystonia (PCD) patients who underwent botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) therapy.ProceduresThirty-six patients with PCD and 10 healthy subjects (control group) who underwent [99mTc]MIBI SPECT/CT were enrolled. The image characteristics of dystonic muscles and normal muscles were evaluated. Muscle/background ratio (MBR) of six representative muscles was calculated for dystonic muscles in PCD gro...
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study we aim to assess the diagnostic performance of a SPECT/CT-only protocol compared to the traditional procedure that is BS with a facultative SPECT/CT in case of unclear findings. METHODS:  50 patients with high-risk prostate cancer and suspected bone metastases were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients received a whole-body Tc-99m-DPD BS followed by a 3 field-of-view (FOV) SPECT/CT (GE Discovery 670 Pro®) covering an area from the vertex to the mid-femur. Metastatic lesions were evaluated visually on BS and SPECT/CT and correlated to PSA-levels. RESULTS:  Detection rate wa...
Source: Nuklearmedizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Nuklearmedizin Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe suggest SPECT/CT as the primary modality of choice for the assessment of the ratio of diseased lung area. Both perfusion scan and SPECT/CT can be used for the prediction of postoperative lung function.
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Kristie Bauman, Orrin Devinsky, Anli A. LiuAbstractCareful study of the clinical outcomes of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery has greatly advanced our knowledge of the neuroanatomy of human memory. After early cases resulted in profound amnesia, the critical role of the hippocampus and associated medial temporal lobe (MTL) structures to declarative memory became evident. Surgical approaches quickly changed to become unilateral and later, to be more precise, potentially reducing cognitive morbidity. Neuropsychological studies foll...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionSPECT-CT mapping of ASLNs in women with cT1-2N0M0 breast cancer reveals their variable localization. This information can be important for planning of radiation treatment in women that underwent breast conserving surgery without an axillary surgery.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPreviously found large differences of electrical and optogenetic stimulation might be due to unmatched stimulation intensity, particularly relative electrical overstimulation. These findings imply that therapeutic electrical VTA stimulation might be relatively specific if employed with optimized parameters.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Careful study of the clinical outcomes of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery has greatly advanced our knowledge of the neuroanatomy of human memory. After early cases resulted in profound amnesia, the critical role of the hippocampus and associated medial temporal lobe (MTL) structures to declarative memory became evident. Surgical approaches quickly changed to become unilateral and later, to be more precise, potentially reducing cognitive morbidity. Neuropsychological studies following unilateral temporal lobe resection (TLR) have challenged early models, which simplified the lateralization of verbal a...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionThe BSI metric of a CAD system for bone scintigraphy was useful for the early detection of ARONJ. Accuracy was improved with the additional use of BUVJ data. We recommend that SPECT imaging be performed when bone scintigraphy reveals focal or diffuse uptake in the mandible with high BSIJ and BUVJ.
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsUpregulated amygdalar metabolism is associated with an enhanced inflammatory state in female patients with impaired cardiac function. Given that enhanced activity of the limbic system is associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes, our study suggests that a focus on inflammatory markers and indicators of distress might help to tailor cardiovascular risk assessment and therapy towards the female cardiovascular phenotype.
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
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