What 1989 And The Golden Girls Tell Us About Medicine Today
Today, 1989 may be most associated with Taylor Swift: It is the album that won her a second Grammy for Album of the Year. Not only that, it happens to be the year Swift was born--such a long, long time ago! People under 35 have no personal memory of 1980s pop culture, which is ironic since Swift's album in part pays homage to it. In the real 1989 (no offense to Swift and the 10 co-producers who made the album), all sorts of revolutions took place: Mr. Gorbachev tore down that pesky wall, for example. America's greatest antagonist, the Soviet Union, collapsed in 1989. Brazil conducted its first democratic presidential election since 1960. And so on. Today, it's hard to say whether America's greatest existential threat may be Vladimir Putin or his Number-One American Fan, Donald Trump. If the CDC is to be believed, it's the Zika virus. Two years ago (2014, the year Swift's 1989 came out), the CDC was most concerned about Ebola, to the extent that the U.S. public health agency was criticized for "roughing up" humanitarian aid workers who had helped to treat those with Ebola who were suffering abroad. Way back in the early 80s, the CDC was criticized for doing too little about the emerging and little-understood AIDS crisis: Specifically, in 1982, the CDC cautioned the public that four groups of people had to worry about developing AIDS: homosexual or bisexual men, IV drug users, people with hemophilia, and Haitian people. (There wa...
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Materials Chemistry and PhysicsAuthor(s): Reza Aghaei, Akbar Eshaghi, Abbas Ali AghaeiAbstractIn this work, hollow SiO2-SiO2 nanocomposite thin film was deposited on a glass substrate by a sol-gel dip-coating method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to investigate the structure and morphology of the nanoparticles and films. Surface wettability and optical properties of the thin films were studied by means of water contact angle analyzer and UV-vis spectrophotometer...
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringAuthor(s): R. Sumathi, M. Venkatesuslu, Sridhar P. Arjunan
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: NeurocomputingAuthor(s): Junjie Zhang, Yong Xia, Haoyue Zeng, Yanning ZhangAbstractDetection of pulmonary nodules on chest CT is an essential step in the early diagnosis of lung cancer, which is critical for best patient care. In this paper, we propose an automated pulmonary nodule detection algorithm, denoted by NODULe, which jointly uses a conventional method for nodule detection and a deep learning model for genuine nodule identification. Specifically, we first use multi-scale Laplacian of Gaussian (LoG) filters and prior shape and size constraints to detect nodul...
ConclusionLow PNI predicts poor survival in LC patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Out study showed that after the mandatory notification of human immunodeficiency virus-positive cases in 2014, there was a decrease in other criteria for defining human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cases and changes in the profile of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
This study aimed to evaluate the adherence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients to antiretroviral therapy recommended by the Brazilian health system in An ápolis/Goiás, and correlate the level of adherence with sociodemographic data and clinical-laboratory variables. METHODS Adherence to antiretroviral therapy was assessed using the Questionnaire for Evaluation of Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy. The sociodemographic data were collected using a standardized questionnaire and the clinical-laboratory records were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 220 patients included, 59% (129...
CONCLUSION: We identified a changing pattern of human visceral leishmaniasis occurrence in Ara çatuba: the first period (1999-2009) showed a cyclic pattern, clusters, and presence of spatial dependence in the case point distribution; the second period (2010-2015) showed the lowest rates of all historical series, stable incidence, and cases with a random distribution pattern.
CONCLUSIONS: ANCA positivity may be more related to vasculitis and immunological disorders than to a M. tuberculosis infection. Therefore, to improve diagnostic accuracy, patients with M. tuberculosis who are ANCA positive should be investigated for concurrent diseases, including the effects of drugs. Therefore, even in tuberculosis epidemic area, ANCA seropositivity, detected by ELISA, is still more suggestive of ANCA-associated vasculitides.
CONCLUSIONS: These easily assessed parameters can facilitate clinical decision-making for febrile AIDS patients with suspected DH in low socioeconomic and Histoplasma-endemic regions.
CONCLUSIONS: Both groups demonstrated similar behavior with unsatisfactory lifestyles, poor sleep quality, and irregular sleep patterns.
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