Can Glucagon Like Peptide 1 (GLP1) Agonists or Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitors Ameliorate Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis in People with or Without Diabetes?

Can Glucagon Like Peptide 1 (GLP1) Agonists or Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitors Ameliorate Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis in People with or Without Diabetes? Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2016 Sep 9; Authors: Athyros VG, Katsiki N, Karagiannis A PMID: 27633289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

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Premalatha Pushpanathan, Gifty Sara Mathew, Sribal Selvarajan, Krishna G Seshadri, Padma SrikanthIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2019 37(2):268-277 Gut microbiota are microorganisms that inhabit the gut; they coexist peacefully with the host, thereby contributing to the health and well-being of individuals. Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes largely dominate the gut microbial flora. The intestinal flora promotes intestinal mucosal integrity, provides essential nutrients such as vitamins and enzymes, protects the body against pathogens and produces antimicrobial peptides such as defensins, C-type lectins, cathelicidins, t...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractLongitudinal and observational studies have found a link between the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including obesity and diabetes. Following World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations, SSB taxes have been implemented in over 40 countries and cities to reduce sugar consumption. Despite continuing battles with communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), an epidemiological transition towards NCDs warrants SSB tax implementation. However, LMICs face challenges when implementing SSB taxes including a lack of resources and opposing argumen...
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
ConclusionHigh prevalences of underweight and overweight/obesity were identified in ASEAN countries and several correlates were identified which can help to tailor interventions.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the risk behaviors of adolescents with T1D and the effect of orthorexic eating behaviors (OEB) on glycemic control (GC). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 107 adolescents with T1D who were between 13-18 years of age and attended high school. The risk behavior scale (RBS) and orthorexic behavior scale (ORTO-11) were administered to the participants. A high RBS score indicates risky behavior; a low ORTO-11 score suggests a tendency to OEB. At the same time, participants were tested for GC and categorized as optimal GC (HbA1c ≤7%) or poor GC (HbA1c>7%). Result...
Source: JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol Source Type: research
Objective: To examine the association between hearing impairment and cognitive decline and to identify possible risk factors for presbycusis. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey in prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Patients: A total of 322 participants aged>60 years, for whom all the below data were available, were enrolled in the study. There were 168 females and 154 males with a median age of 71 years (range: 60–89 yrs). Interventions: PROST (Project in Sado for Total Health), a medical database in Sado island Japan, was analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Data on pure-tone a...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between marijuana use and the prevalence, severity, and rate of occurrence of tinnitus.Study designCross-sectional analysis of nationally representative data.SettingNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2012.Subjects and methodsStatistical analysis was performed on data collected from 2705 non-institutionalized adults aged 20–69 who underwent audiometric testing and were administered questionnaires about hearing, drug use, current health status, and medical history.ResultsThe use of marijuana at least once per month for the previous 12 m...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe ruthenium(II) complex showed beneficial effects as it ameliorated and prevented the progression of diabetes-related liver derangements while eliminating the hepatotoxicity associated with the use of metal compounds. However, further studies are still required to further determine the physiological mechanisms behind this effect.
Source: Current Therapeutic Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Damaskos C, Garmpis N, Kollia P, Mitsiopoulos G, Barlampa D, Drosos A, Patsouras A, Gravvanis N, Antoniou V, Litos A, Diamantis E Abstract The globalization of the Western lifestyle has resulted in a dramatic increase of diabetes mellitus, a complex, multifactorial disease. Diabetes mellitus is a condition often associated with disorders of the cardiovascular system. It is well established that three quarters of diabetics, aged over 40, will die from cardiovascular disease and are more likely than non-diabetics to die from their first cardiovascular event. Therefore, risk stratification is necessary to ind...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 148Author(s): Sara Jo Nixon, Ben LewisAbstractEpidemiological estimates indicate not only an increase in the proportion of older adults, but also an increase in those who continue moderate alcohol consumption. Substantial literatures have attempted to characterize health benefits/risks of moderate drinking lifestyles. Not uncommonly, reports address outcomes in a single outcome, such as cardiovascular function or cognitive decline, rather than providing a broader overview of systems. In this narrative review, retaining focus on neurobiological consi...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract We monitored serum amylase level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prescribed either dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor or GLP-1 analog (GLP-1 group) as monotherapy. Patients were treated for a 36-month period. All subjects were non-smoker and did not take any alcoholic beverages. Forty-nine patients were prescribed DPP4is (DPP4i group), and 9 patients were prescribed GLP-1 analogs (GLP-1 group). The median of serum amylase levels in DPP4is group was 73 U/mL and the median of serum amylase levels in GLP-1 analog group was 76. Thus, there was no statistical significance between the two ...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research
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