Thoracic manifestation of tuberculosis.

[Thoracic manifestation of tuberculosis]. Radiologe. 2016 Sep 15; Authors: Kienzl-Palma D, Prosch H Abstract CLINICAL ISSUE: Tuberculosis (TB) is a granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and transmission is via an airborne route by droplet infection. In the majority of cases patients have thoracic TB, which most frequently presents with hilar lymphadenopathy and pulmonary manifestation. Due to the rise in incidence of TB in central Europe to be expected over the coming years, it is essential to be acquainted with the radiological manifestations of pulmonary TB, particularly to be able to discriminate active from inactive TB. Due to the use of molecular techniques entailing DNA fingerprinting, the traditional classification of TB in primary and postprimary TB is being challenged. These genetic studies have revealed that variations in the clinical and radiographic appearance of TB are mainly affected by the immune status of the patients. Due to the low prevalence of TB in central Europe and the wide variation of radiological presentations, the diagnosis and therapy of TB is often delayed. In this article, the radiographic manifestations of thoracic TB are summarized and discussed. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Together with the medical history and bacteriological tests, chest X‑ray imaging and computed tomography (CT) play a major role not only in the detection of TB but also in the follow-up during and after therapy. ...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Koegelenberg CFN, Dorfman S, Schewitz I, Richards GA, Maasdorp S, Smith C, Dheda K, South African Thoracic Society Abstract Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in southern Africa. Early trials of chest radiograph-based screening in males at high risk for lung cancer found no mortality benefit of a radiograph alone, or a radiograph plus sputum cytology screening strategy. Large prospective studies, including the National Lung Screening Trial, have shown an all-cause mortality benefit when low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) was used as a screening modality in patients that are at ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
We present the case of a 42-year-old male patient, with intestinal and lung TB presenting as intestinal obstruction to emphasize the importance of clinical suspicion and histopathology for final diagnosis. Chest and abdomen computed tomography (CT) evidenced a few left-sided pulmonary nodules and wall thickening of some parts of the small and large bowel. Also, CT evidenced nearby mesenteric lymphadenopathy. He was admitted in the Department of Surgery and later confirmed with intestinal TB. Because of modified chest radiography, further investigations identified Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the sputum. Final diagnosis wa...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
A 10-year-old boy was referred from a local clinic to our institute due to abdominal fullness and ascites. He gained 4  kg in 4 months, despite reduced appetite. After admission, chest radiograph revealed bilateral pleural effusion with atelectasis and increased infiltration of bilateral lower lobes (Fig. 1A). Tachypnea and fever developed (Fig. 1B). Paracentesis yielded straw-colored ascites with leukocyte count of 1410 cells/mm3. with a relative lymphocytic pleocytosis (98%). Abdominal computer tomography (CT) scan showed massive ascites, thickening of omentum and peritoneum, associated with lymphaden...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Images Source Type: research
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Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Infection and tuberculosis Source Type: research
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