What do you know about pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia. Causes Many germs can cause pneumonia. The [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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Authors: Nozue T, Toyoshima M, Fukada A, Suda T Abstract A 71-year-old woman with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) presented with prolonged cough. No physical findings suggested the presence of any connective tissue diseases. Chest computed tomography showed ground-glass opacities and consolidations in the bilateral lower lobes. She had elevated serum Krebs von den Lungen-6, hypoxemia and positive serum anti-Jo-1 antibody. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed lymphocytosis with a decreased CD4/CD8 ratio. A transbronchial lung biopsy specimen revealed organizing pneumonia. Based on a diagnosis of interstitial pneu...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Mian A, Singal AK, Bakhshi S, Sood R, Vikram NK, Ray A Abstract A 21-year old female, recently diagnosed with osteosarcoma of right humerus, presented to the emergency with history of fever, productive cough, chest pain and progressive respiratory distress for six days. Initial investigations suggested pneumonia but she did not respond to parenteral antibiotics. CT pulmonary angiogram revealed bilateral pulmonary artery embolism. Thrombolysis was performed using alteplase, which failed to improve the clinical condition. In view of underlying malignancy, a possibility of tumour-embolism was considered and s...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: In conclusion, RSPH9-associated PCD disease demonstrates wide phenotypic variability. In some cases, mild clinical presentation is difficult to justify diagnostic work-up, highlighting the importance of wider adoption of genetic diagnostics. Larger studies are needed to assess variability of clinical spectrum associated to alterations of PCD genes. PMID: 31285900 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
We present a fatal case ofPneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia —a rare and under‐recognized complication—in an otherwise well patient undergoing a dose‐dense adjuvant chemotherapy following surgery for EBC. A 70 ‐year‐old woman underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with dose‐dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide for early breast cancer. After her fourth cycle of chemotherapy, she developed severe fatigue and cough with rapid‐onset hypoxic respiratory failure. Investigations demonstrated extensive bilater al consolidation with positive bronchial washings forPneumocystis jirovecii by polymerase chain reaction ...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis NMA showed that using CHIs in combination with WM improved treatment performance and could be beneficial for patients with CAP compared to using WM alone. Thereinto, YHN+WM showed a preferable improvement on patients with CAP when unified considering the clinical effective rate and other outcomes. As for safety, more evidence is needed to support this hypothesis.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Rationale: Childhood brucellosis is a significant community health problem. It may imitate other conditions and may be misdiagnosed. Pulmonary involvement is a rare complication of childhood brucellosis. Patient concerns: A 23-month-old child was referred to our hospital with a 3-week history of fevers and cough. He was initially diagnosed with pneumonia. Diagnoses and Interventions: Conventional antibiotic treatment was ineffectual. Total leukocyte count was 10,300/mm3, hemoglobin was 8.5 g/dL, and platelet count was 250,000/mm3. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and procaicltonin were 25 mm/h and 0.12 ng/m...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Ryota Shintani, Tsuneyuki Oda, Takashi Niwa, Akimasa Sekine, Eri Hagiwara, Koji Okudela, Tamiko Takemura, Takashi OguraAbstractA 53-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital with 3-week history of cough and worsening dyspnea. Chest computed tomography revealed unilateral focal consolidation in the right lower lobe. She underwent transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) and histology showed acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP). High-dose methylprednisolone treatment improved her respiratory condition and ra...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Takashi Ishiguro, Keisuke Matsuo, Shinya Fujii, Noboru TakayanagiAbstractA 58-year-old man with previous myocardial infarction presented to our hospital with fever, cough, and dyspnea. PCR testing with nasopharyngeal swabs confirmed influenza virus infection, and enhanced computed tomography and transthoracic echocardiography revealed bilateral ground-glass opacities and consolidation, deep venous thrombosis, acute pulmonary artery embolism, and acute arterial embolism that appeared to originate from thrombus in the left vent...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Respiratory muscle strength declines in certain disease states, leading to impaired cough, reduced airway clearance and an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. Respiratory muscle training may therefore reduce this risk.
Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Systematic review Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with FPF can present with a wide variety of clinical features. Most HRCT scans of these patients exhibit patterns not typical of usual interstitial pneumonia. The family history of fibrotic lung diseases should be investigated in all patients under suspicion, regardless of their age.RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as caracter ísticas clínicas, funcionais e radiológicas de um grupo de casos índice diagnosticados com fibrose pulmonar familiar (FPF) no Brasil. Métodos: Trinta e cinco pacientes com FPF (18 mulheres; 51,4%), com mediana de idade de 66,0 anos (variaç&ati...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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