No major public health event reported during the pilgrimage: WHO concludes its mission to Saudi ...

14 September 2016, Mecca – The World Health Organization (WHO) has today concluded its mission to Saudi Arabia to support the Ministry of Health in ensuring a safe pilgrimage season (Hajj). So far there has been no major health threat or event of concern, with no major disease outbreak reported among the nearly two million pilgrims attending the holy sites. In preparation for the Hajj, the Ministry of Health, together with WHO, conducted a strategic health risk assessment of the health hazards that might occur during the pilgrimage. Based on the requirements of the International Health Regulations (2005), the Ministry put in place several public health mitigation measures covering areas such as infection prevention and control, points of entry, laboratories, coordination, risk communication and community engagement. Additionally many measures have been put in place to reduce the effects of high temperatures on pilgrims, including awareness campaigns on preventing sun strokes and heat exhaustion. Preliminary information indicates a decrease in morbidity and mortality from seasonal influenza compared to last year. This might be related to the Ministry of Health’s decision to make seasonal influenza vaccine compulsory for all internal pilgrims. Some countries also vaccinated their pilgrims against seasonal influenza in accordance with Saudi Arabia’s health requirements for the Hajj. No cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have bee...
Source: WHO EMRO News - Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 18 March 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Danyang Wang, Hui Cao, Jinyao Li, Bin Zhao, Yan Wang, Ailian Zhang, Jiong HuangAbstractSeveral methods have been developed to improve the efficacy of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) vaccine. The study aims to determine whether aqueous extracts of Artemisia rupestris L. (AEAR) as an immunoactivator in combination with inactivated FMDV vaccine can promote immune responses in mice. Intramuscular co-immunization in ICR mice with different doses of AEAR plus FMDV vaccine could substantially improve the FMDV-specific antibody pro...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Assay technologies capable of detecting biomarker concentrations in unprocessed whole blood samples are fundamental for applications in medical diagnostics. SERS nano-tags integrated magnetic-separation biosensor (MSB) was realized for the first time for immunoassay in whole blood. The reliability and sensitivity of this method rely, in a large extent, on the quality and properties of the SERS nano-tags. The constructed silicacoated Ag SERS nano-tags as labels were used in a rapid and specific MSB immune sensor to detect Matrix Metalloproteinases 9 (MMP-9) in unprocessed blood samples. With fast screening...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Abstract Hypertension increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, is commonly known as a silent killer disease and considered as one of the key risk factor for premature death and disability over the world. Herein, we report for the first time a sensitive, costless and reproducible voltammetric method for individual determination of five antihypertensive drugs namely, propranolol (PRO), timolol (TIM), amlodipine (AML), amiloride (AMI) and triamterene (TRI) using differential pulse voltammetry at bare/unmodified screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPEs) in presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Each drug exhib...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Authors: Teufel J, Strupp M, Linn J, Kalla R, Feil K Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The initial diagnosis of medullary infarction can be challenging since CT and even MRI results in the very acute phase are often negative. METHODS: A retrospective, observer-blinded study of horizontal conjugate eye deviation was performed in 1) 50 consecutive patients [age 58±15 years (mean±SD), 74% male, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale 2±1] with acute unilateral lateral medullary infarction as seen in MRI (infarction group), 2) 54 patients with transient brainstem symptoms [transient ischemic ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Notwithstanding the small number of subjects in this study, providing EVT to eligible patients beyond 6 hours may improve their neurological outcomes. PMID: 30877694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
This study included 1,205 consecutive noncardioembolic ischemic stroke patients as confirmed by brain MRI and simultaneously measured the bilateral brachial blood pressures. We investigated cerebral SVDs based on high-grade white-matter hyperintensities (HWHs), presence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), high-grade perivascular spaces (HPVSs), and asymptomatic lacunar infarctions (ALIs) on brain MRI. RESULTS: In multivariate logistic regression, an interarm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBD) ≥10 mm Hg was independently related to the existence of HWHs [odds ratio (OR)=1.94, 95% CI=1.32-2.84, p=0.011] and had a ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
[Govt of SA] On 07 January this year the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries confirmed and reported an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the high surveillance area of the foot and mouth disease free zone in Limpopo, adjacent to the protection zone. Subsequently, South Africa lost its World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) recognised foot and mouth disease free zone without vaccination status.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang W, Zhou G Abstract Stroke causes disability and high mortality, while it can be prevented by increasing public awareness of risk factors. The common known risk factors are hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. However, the deep understanding of risk factors is limited. Moreover, more risk factor emerges in recent years. To further increase the awareness of risk factors for stroke prevention, this review indicates the reasonable application of antihypertensive agents according to the age-depe...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
[Premium Times] The confirmed cases from the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria has increased to 472 as 53 new cases were reported for week 10.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Health Canada's recent warning that homeopathic remedies are not an alternative to vaccines doesn't go far enough to prevent the damage the products could do as the country fights off a resurgence of measles, doctors and health policy experts say. 
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news
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