Adult Separation Anxiety Disorder in Complicated Grief: an exploratory study on frequency and correlates
Complicated Grief (CG) has been the subject of increasing attention in the past decades but its relationship with Separation Anxiety Disorder (SEPAD) is still controversial. The aim of the current study was to explore the prevalence and clinical significance of adult SEPAD in a sample of help-seeking individuals with CG.
CONCLUSIONS: In this clinical sample, distress-related internalizing symptomatology was associated with risk for, and not protection against, hazardous AU, but only when accompanied by high externalizing symptoms. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings suggest that whether or not internalizing symptoms operate synergistically with externalizing symptoms to predict hazardous AU depends on the subdomain of internalizing symptoms (distress vs fear) and perhaps the type of sample (ie, clinical vs community). (Am J Addict 2019:00:00-00). PMID: 31782592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The research indicates that anxiety plays a significant role in the clinical picture of OCD and may reach a severity similar to that observed in GAD. The presence and severity of anxiety and somatization symptoms can be associated with the presence of cognitive impairments, which requires further investigation. PMID: 31760413 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractAttachment theory provides a model for understanding impairments in social and interpersonal functioning. Schizophrenia is a neuropsychiatry disorder frequently associated with compromised social functioning and limited social support networks. However, the relationship between attachment style and psychopathology dimensions, including insight, isn ’t fully understood To determine whether there is a relationship between the attachment style and markers for severity of schizophrenia and insight. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 41 patients with schizophrenia and 34 patients with non-psychotic disorders ...
ConclusionsThese findings highlight promising results from this combined treatment approach, referred to as FBT + UP for ARFID. Further research is needed to evaluate the use of this treatment in patients presenting with a variety of ARFID symptoms.
As a pediatrician and a parent, I often think about what I’d do to keep my children safe if we were hit by a storm like Hurricane Dorian, which reduced whole towns in the Bahamas to rubble. Or by a wildfire, like the Camp Fire that burned the town of Paradise, California to the ground. Or how we’d deal with this year’s record-breaking rains that flooded scores of towns throughout the Mississippi River Basin. Disasters like these — which may be getting more dangerous with climate change — can directly harm a child’s body. But what’s less well appreciated is how they can harm our chi...
School refusal refers to persistent reluctance or refusal to go to school. It can occur with either separation anxiety disorder or social anxiety disorder. Whereas social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorders are much more prevalent in younger children (4%) than they are in adolescents (1.6%), failure to attend school is much more prevalent among high school students (20%) than it is among middle school- (12%) or elementary school-aged (11%) students, indicating a multifactorial etiology.
Anxiety disorders are one of the most prevalent and underrecognized mental health disorders in the pediatric population, with a lifetime prevalence of 25 –32 percent. A national survey reported an individual prevalence of anxiety disorders among youth (ages 13–17.4 years) as panic disorder (2.3%), agoraphobia (2.4%), specific phobia (19.3%), generalized anxiety disorder (2.2%), separation anxiety disorder (7.6%), and social anxiety disorder (9.1% ). Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the treatment outcomes and prognosis for children and adolescents.
This article details the pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods to minimise preoperative anxiety and the techniques of anaesthetic induction in infants and children undergoing surgery. The benefits and limitations of inhalational and intravenous induction and the current status of rapid sequence induction in children are discussed. MEDLINE database was searched for this narrative review using the keywords including preoperative anxiety, child, premedication, paediatric and anaesthetic induction. Search was restricted to articles in English, but without any publication date restrictions.
This study tests the neuro-evolutionary hypothesis that exogenous opiates, including morphine, heroine, and methadone, decrease separation anxiety and proximity by hijacking the neuro-peptide endogenous opioid system modulating social bonds. Participants were 486 subjects, 43% male, with ages between 18 and 62 years (M=26.4 ; SD=9.4), divided in 3 naturalistic groups: 1: addicts in drug-free treatment; 2: addicts in methadone programs; 3: normative non-clinical controls. Instruments: 1- Adult Attachment Scale (AAS; Collins &Read, 1990) composed of three subscales: Anxiety about being rejected (α= .83), Comf...
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this national population-based study confirm and extend previous findings on the prevalence, comorbidities, and sociodemographic predictors of ODD. PMID: 31433003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]