Aerobic Fitness and Neurocognitive Function Scores in Young Faroese Adults and Potential Modification by Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure

Conclusions: Higher aerobic capacity was associated with better performance in short-term memory and processing speed. However, prenatal methylmercury exposure seemed to attenuate these positive associations. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Oulhote Y, Debes F, Vestergaard S, Weihe P, Grandjean P. Aerobic Fitness and Neurocognitive Function Scores in Young Faroese Adults and Potential Modification by Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure. Environ Health Perspect; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP274 Received: 25 January 2016 Revised: 2 August 2016 Accepted: 19 August 2016 Published: 9 September 2016 Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs withi...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 125, Issue 2, Page 90-92, March 2020.
Source: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are multifaceted pathologic conditions manifested with intellectual disability, autistic features, psychiatric problems, motor dysfunction, and/or genetic/chromosomal abnormalities. They are associated with skewed neurogenesis and brain development, in part through dysfunction of the neural stem cells (NSCs) where abnormal transcriptional regulation on key genes play significant roles. Recent accumulated evidence highlights C2H2-type zinc finger proteins (C2H2-ZNFs), the largest transcription factor family in humans, as important targets for the pathologic processes associated with NDDs....
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigate the extent to which this electrospun scaffold can supp ort functional muscle regeneration in a murine model of VML. Experimental groups included no treatment, pure PCL treated, and PCL:D‐ECM (50:50 blend) treated VML defects. The PCL:D‐ECM scaffold treated VML muscles supported increased activity of anti‐inflammatory M2 macrophages (arginase+) at Day 28, compared to other experimental groups. Increased myofiber (MHC+) regeneration was observed histologically at both Days 7 and 28 post ‐trauma in blend scaffold treated group compared to PCL treated and untreated groups. However, improve...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research
A UCLA-led study reveals a new role for a gene that ’s associated with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability and language impairment.The gene, Foxp1, has previously been studied for its function in the neurons of the developing brain. But the new study reveals that it ’s also important in a group of brain stem cells — the precursors to mature neurons.“This discovery really broadens the scope of where we think Foxp1 is important,” said Bennett Novitch, a member of the Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA and the senior author ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Background: Ischemia stroke is the leading cause of death and long-term disability. Sanhua Decoction (SHD), a classic Chinese herbal prescription, has been used for ischemic stroke for about thousands of years. Here, we aim to investigate the neuroprotective effects of SHD on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (CIR) injury rat models.Methods: The male Sprague-Dawley rats (body weight, 250–280 g; age, 7–8 weeks) were randomly divided into sham group, CIR group, and SHD group and were further divided into subgroups according to different time points at 6 h, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 d, respectively. The SHD group receiv...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Spinal cord injury (SCI) can lead to severe motor and sensory dysfunction with high disability and mortality. In recent years, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-secreted nano-sized exosomes have shown great potentia...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) are sometimes treated with high-dose immune suppressive or cytotoxic drugs and an autotransplant. Therapy-related mortality (TRM) has decreased to
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 22 Source Type: research
Contributors : Jan T Czerminski ; Jeanne B LawrenceSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensAlthough Down Syndrome (DS) is the leading genetic cause of intellectual disability in children, the developmental pathogenesis remains largely unknown, and better strategies are needed to investigate this. We previously showed that one copy of chromosome 21 can be epigenetically silenced in DS iPSCs by insertion of an XIST transgene, which produces a non-coding RNA that normally silences one X chromosome in female cells. XIST was shown to induce heterochromatin and silence transcription...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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