Aerobic Fitness and Neurocognitive Function Scores in Young Faroese Adults and Potential Modification by Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure

Conclusions: Higher aerobic capacity was associated with better performance in short-term memory and processing speed. However, prenatal methylmercury exposure seemed to attenuate these positive associations. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Oulhote Y, Debes F, Vestergaard S, Weihe P, Grandjean P. Aerobic Fitness and Neurocognitive Function Scores in Young Faroese Adults and Potential Modification by Prenatal Methylmercury Exposure. Environ Health Perspect; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP274 Received: 25 January 2016 Revised: 2 August 2016 Accepted: 19 August 2016 Published: 9 September 2016 Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs withi...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

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Conclusion:Both BM-MSCs and ADSCs improved regeneration of skeletal muscle laceration injury at short- and long-term durations. However, fibrosis was less in ADSCs-treated rats. Effective re-innervation of injured muscles occurred only at the long-term duration.
Source: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Contributors : G Chinnadurai ; S Vijayalingam ; Uthayashanker R EzekielSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensA recurrent de novo mutation in the transcriptional corepressor CTBP1 is associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities in children (Beck et al., 2016; Beck et al., 2019; Sommerville et al., 2017). All reported patients harbor a single recurrent de novo heterozygous missense mutation (p.R342W) within the cofactor recruitment domain of CtBP1. To investigate the transcriptional activity of the pathogenic CTBP1 mutant allele in physiologically relevant human cell models...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Contributors : Xingyue Zong ; Doug Rusch ; Fang Fang ; Aaron Buechlein ; Kenneth NephewSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensOvarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies in the US. Ovarian cancer stem cells (OCSCs) have been shown to drive chemoresistance and tumor progression but the mechanism remains incompletely understood. Disabled Homolog 2- Interacting Protein (DAB2IP) is a potent tumor suppressor identified in multiple types of cancers and we demonstrate that DAB2IP is silenced by the repressive epigenetic mark H3K27me3 at the DAB2IP...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed the research progress in the application of BMSCs-derived exosomes (BMSCs-exos) and BMSCs in the treatment of stroke. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of cell therapy and cell-free exosome therapy were described, and the possible factors that hinder the introduction of these two treatments into the clinic were analyzed. Furthermore, we reviewed the current optimization methods of cell therapy and cell-free exosome therapy. Taken together, we hypothesize that cell-free exosome therapy will have excellent research prospects in the future, and therefore, it is worth further exploring. T...
Source: Biochimie - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochimie Source Type: research
Abstract Acute ischemia stroke (AIS) is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide, and its neurological impacts are devastating and permanent. There is no efficient and real treatment for acute ischemia stroke so far. Therefore, development of efficient therapeutic strategies is under focus of investigations by basic and clinical scientists. Brain is one of the organs with high energy consumption and metabolism. Hence, its functionality is highly dependent on mitochondrial activity and integrity. Therefore, mitochondria play a vital homeostatic role in neurons physiology and mitochondrial dys...
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research
Researchers here note that delivering metformin via injection rather than the usual oral administration removes unwanted side-effects and better improves cognitive function in old mice. Near all testing of metformin has used oral administration, and the effects on pace of aging and life span are, frankly, too unreliable and too small to justify the present level of interest in the drug on the part of the longevity community. Administration by injection might be a different story, but waiting on further research and confirming data would be a wiser course of action than immediate excitement. Even then, this is tinkering wit...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Barrett LE Abstract Fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) encodes the RNA binding protein FMRP. Loss of FMRP drives Fragile X syndrome (FXS), the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability and a leading monogenic cause of autism. While cortical hyperexcitability is a hallmark of FXS, the reported phenotypes and underlying mechanisms, including alterations in synaptic transmission and ion channel properties, are heterogeneous and at times contradictory. Here, we report the generation of new isogenic FMR1y/+ and FMR1y/- human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) lines using CRISPR-Cas9 to facilitate the study of ho...
Source: Developmental Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Dev Biol Source Type: research
Intranasal administration of Cytoglobin modifies human umbilical cord‑derived mesenchymal stem cells and improves hypoxic‑ischemia brain damage in neonatal rats by modulating p38 MAPK signaling‑mediated apoptosis. Mol Med Rep. 2020 Aug 19;: Authors: Yang H, Tian S, Xie L, Chen Y, Ma L Abstract Neonatal hypoxic‑ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is a common clinical syndrome in newborns. Hypothermia is the only approved therapy for the clinical treatment; however, the therapeutic window of hypothermia is confined to 6 h after birth and even then,>40% of the infants either die or survive with v...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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