The Number Of Parents Who Refuse To Vaccinate Is On The Rise
A decade ago, the first vaccine against human papilloma virus was administered in Australia to help prevent several deadly cancers, including cervical, anal and throat and tongue cancer. Since then, the HPV vaccine has been introduced in 130 countries, and the number of new cervical cancer cases has been cut in half worldwide. “In Australia there’s already been a 90 percent reduction in infections in the 10 years the program has been running,” Ian Frazer, chief executive of the Translational Research Institute, told the BBC. Cervical cancer in Australia is also dropping, according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Despite the clear public good done by this and other vaccines, a new study reveals that in the United States, a separate pattern is emerging: More parents are refusing to vaccinate their children. According to a recent survey published in the journal Pediatrics, 87 percent of pediatricians reported parental vaccine refusal in their practice in 2013 ― up from 75 percent of pediatricians who reported vaccine refusal in 2006. This attitude manifests not only in pediatrician’s offices, but also in things like the notoriously low rates of HPV vaccination. Though the vaccine is strongly recommended for 11- and 12-year-old kids of both sexes by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 28 percent of boys between the ages of 13 and 17 were fully vaccinated in 2015 ― and only 50...
THE GRIEVING parents of a six-year-old boy who died from Meningitis B are calling for all children to be vaccinated against the deadly strain of the disease.
A relationship between endoscopists ’ adenoma detection rate (ADR) at colonoscopy and risk of interval colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer death has been proven.1-3 Since then, ADR became one of the most important performance indicators for colonoscopy, endorsed by several professional societies.4,5 Although ADR depends on adeno ma prevalence in the target population,6-8 it is endoscopist performance that best explains observed ADR variability among physicians.9 Four key factors are believed to drive endoscopists’ performance in detecting adenomas: knowledge, imaging technology, colonoscopy examination tech...
Gastric cancer is the third most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide,1 and most cases are locally advanced or metastatic at diagnosis. Widespread Helicobacter pylori eradication2 and radiologic or endoscopic screening,3 have been proved to decrease gastric cancer mortality in high-incidence countries. However, in countries with lower incidence, these strategies are probably not cost effective, and there are only recommendations regarding secondary prevention in high-risk patients, such as those with gastric preneoplastic conditions.
Despite guidelines1 that recommend a 10-year interval after a negative screening colonoscopy result in average-risk individuals, many patients receive early examinations.2,3 This could be due to concerns about the adequacy of the baseline examination or to a fear of postcolonoscopy interval colorectal cancer (CRC). Prior studies suggest that if the baseline examination was less than adequate (poor preparation or uncertain cecal intubation), the yield of repeating the examination is high.4 However, in most cases, the baseline examination is adequate, and previous work has suggested that the risk of serious pathologic change...
A study published in theNew England Journal of Medicine reports that the sustained use of birth control pills is associated with a small but significant risk of breast cancer.News Medical
Luke Bedford says all he wants for Christmas is for Orla Hermitage to live. The youngster Orla has been battling inoperable cancer since she was 10 months old and this maybe her last Christmas.
Chunxiao Miao, Yuanyuan Lv, Wanli Zhang, Xiaoping Chai, Lixing Feng, Yanfen Fang, Xuan Liu, Xiongwen Zhang
Mohd M. M. Hanafi, Adlin Afzan, Harisun Yaakob, Ramlan Aziz, Mohamad R. Sarmidi, Jean-Luc Wolfender, Jose M. Prieto
Kenji Ikemura, Shunichi Hiramatsu, Masahiro Okuda
This study was a retrospective case-control study from the National Health Insurance Service –National Sample Cohort.3 Age, sex, location, income, and diagnostic codes based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition were retrieved.
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