The Number Of Parents Who Refuse To Vaccinate Is On The Rise
A decade ago, the first vaccine against human papilloma virus was administered in Australia to help prevent several deadly cancers, including cervical, anal and throat and tongue cancer. Since then, the HPV vaccine has been introduced in 130 countries, and the number of new cervical cancer cases has been cut in half worldwide. “In Australia there’s already been a 90 percent reduction in infections in the 10 years the program has been running,” Ian Frazer, chief executive of the Translational Research Institute, told the BBC. Cervical cancer in Australia is also dropping, according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Despite the clear public good done by this and other vaccines, a new study reveals that in the United States, a separate pattern is emerging: More parents are refusing to vaccinate their children. According to a recent survey published in the journal Pediatrics, 87 percent of pediatricians reported parental vaccine refusal in their practice in 2013 ― up from 75 percent of pediatricians who reported vaccine refusal in 2006. This attitude manifests not only in pediatrician’s offices, but also in things like the notoriously low rates of HPV vaccination. Though the vaccine is strongly recommended for 11- and 12-year-old kids of both sexes by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 28 percent of boys between the ages of 13 and 17 were fully vaccinated in 2015 ― and only 50...
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The goal of this review is to discuss the current utility of fluorine-18 –fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)–PET for radiation oncologists who treat gynecologic malignancies. FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) is recommended for baseline assessment in cervical cancer and for staging in vulvar and vaginal cancer. The authors use FDG-PET/CT in definitive radiation treatment planni ng for cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancer. PET may be helpful for salvage radiation treatment planning for any recurrent gynecologic malignancy. There are published data to support the use of PET in posttreatment evaluation of cervical and vulvar cancer.
PET and PET/computed tomography play a role in the staging, monitoring of response to therapy, and surveillance for cervical and ovarian cancers. Currently, it is also an integral part of the assessment of patients with endometrial cancer and other gynecologic malignancies, such as vaginal and vulvar cancers and uterine sarcomas. In this article, we discuss in detail and highlight the potential role of PET and PET/computed tomography in evaluating these gynecologic malignancies using illustrative cases with relevant imaging findings.
CONCLUSIONS: The risk of cancer is low in Korean patients with AAV. PMID: 29465366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Lombardi P, Marino D, Fenocchio E, Chilà G, Aglietta M, Leone F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) are a heterogeneous group of cancers, characterized by low incidence but poor prognosis. Even after complete surgical resection for early stage, relapse is frequent and the lack of effective treatments contributes to the dismal prognosis. To date, the only standard treatment in first-line is cisplatin/gemcitabine combination, whereas no standard in 2nd-line has been defined. Hence, the current goal is to better understand the biology of BTCs, discovering new treatment methods and impro...
Authors: Scheen AJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) are generally considered as glucose-lowering agents with a safe profile in type 2 diabetes. Areas covered: An updated review of recent safety data from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, meta-analyses, pharmacovigilance reports regarding alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin, with a special focus on risks of hypoglycaemia, pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, major cardiovascular events, hospitalisation for heart failure and other new safety issues, such as bone fractures and arthralg...
Conclusions Our multiplex assay is a precise and reliable method that can be used instead of the Quellung reaction for S. pneumoniae serotyping studies.
Conclusions Thirty-three distinct patterns were distinguished. In the case of respiratory symptoms in patients with diabetes and close household contact patients, TB can be considered as the important differential diagnosis with unique patterns.
We report a case series of nongonococcal and nonmeningococcal Neisseria infection in patients with underlying malignancy to add to this limited body of knowledge and to provide further evidence of the opportunistic potential of these species in immune-compromised hosts.
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