Testing the measurement invariance of the University of Washington Self-Efficacy Scale short form across four diagnostic subgroups

ConclusionsThe current study suggests that the 6-item short form of the UW-SES has the same meaning across the four diagnostic subgroups. Thus, the 6-item short form is validated for people with MD, MS, PPS, and SCI.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: The use of adaptive equipment (AE) is the basic indication for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Inappropriate decisions concerning the use of AE imply treatment results, patient confidence, and patient and state costs. The present study ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of legislative changes to the New South Wales (NSW) workers' compensation scheme on injured workers access to benefits, insurer claim processing and work disability duration. METHODS: Population-based interrupted...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ABSTRACT Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a disease characterized by progressive loss of muscle fiber, gradually from proximal to distal. Although a few studies have investigated hand grip strength in non-ambulatory DMD patients, a lack of literature was found determining its relationship with functional capacity. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the associations between hand grip strength and functional measures in non-ambulatory children with DMD. Methods: Hand grip strength was evaluated using a dynamometer in children with DMD. The children with DMD were evaluated with the Turkish version of the Eg...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur findings revealed that LT can enhance the recovery of behavioral motor functions after SCI in rats, which related to the suppression of post-traumatic oxidative response, neural inflammation, and apoptosis. This evidence indicates that LT holds considerable potential for use in the clinical treatment/prevention of SCI-induced motor dysfunction.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we used a sequence combining magnetization transfer (MT) with UTE (“UTE-MT”, TE = 76 μs) and with short TE (“STE-MT”, TE = 3000 μs) to evaluate spatial and temporal changes in brain myelin content in the cuprizone mouse model for MS on a clinical 7 T scanner. During demyelination, UTE-MT ratio (UTE-MTR) and STE-MT ratio (STE-MTR) values were significantly decreased in most white matter and grey matter regions. However, only UTE-MTR detected cortical changes. After remyelination in subcortical and cortical areas, UTE-MTR values remained lower than baseline values, i...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated the feasibility of a metacognitive occupation-based telerehabilitation intervention and its potential benefits in activity performance, participation, and QoL for older adults coping with long-term disability following ABI.Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT03048708.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractClinical assessment of mental competence and capacity in older adults, particularly the capacity to manage one ’s financial and legal matters, is an issue of increasing significance within the context of an aging baby boomer population. Together with escalating demands on caregivers, hospitals, and facilities caring for people experiencing cognitive decline, dementia, brain injury and chronic illnesses, an d with the increased longevity, changing demographics and societal pressures have triggered debates regarding decisions surrounding wealth transfer via wills and estate planning. Furthermore, these changes ...
Source: Psychological Injury and Law - Category: Medical Law Source Type: research
December 05, 2019 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three applications for first generics of Gilenya (fingolimod) capsules for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adult patients.“Approving safe...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Volume 102Author(s): Wenping Tang, Aiqun Wang, S. Ramkumar, Radeep Krishna Radhakrishnan NairAbstractParalyzed patients were increasing day by day. Some of the neurodegenerative diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Brainstem Leison, Stupor and Muscular dystrophy affect the muscle movements in the body. The affected persons were unable to migrate. To overcome from their problem they need some assistive technology with the help of bio signals. Electrooculogram (EOG) based Human Computer Interaction (HCI) is one of the technique used in recent ...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Conclusions/Implications: Friends with disabilities can offer uniquely important informational and emotional support resources that buffer the impact of a functional impairment on well-being. Psychosocial interventions should help people with long-term disabilities build their peer support networks. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Rehabilitation Psychology - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
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