Efficacy of Kaempferia parviflora in a mouse model of obesity-induced dermatopathy

AbstractObesity results from excessive energy intake and physical inactivity, and predisposes one to various diseases. One of these reasons is that enlargement of adipocytes raises the lipid metabolic abnormalities that affect various organs. The skin is one such organ, and it has been reported that subcutaneous adipocyte cells secrete various factors and these factors are involved in reduction of dermal collagen fibers and fragility of the skin in obesity. The present study explored the efficacy ofKaempferia parviflora (KP) in preventing obesity-induced dermatopathy. We used Tsumura Suzuki obese diabetes (TSOD) mice as an obesity model. TSOD mice were fed a standard diet (MF) mixed with either an ethanol extract from KP (KPE), polymethoxyflavonoid-rich extract from KP (PMF), or polymethoxyflavonoid-poor extract from KP (X). We then evaluated the effect of these three KP fractions on aging-like skin damage induced by UVB irradiation. KPE and PMF caused a significant decrease of mouse body weight, and suppressed the increase in the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer. In addition, KPE shifted the frequency of subcutaneous adipocyte sizes towards smaller cells possibly via its polypharmacological actions. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the stereostructure of the collagenous fibers in the dermis was better retained in the KPE and PMF groups, in that order. These results offer the first evidence that KPE can attenuate obesity-induced dermatopathy more effectively ...
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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AbstractThe accurate 3D reconstruction of organs from radiological scans is an essential tool in computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) and plays a critical role in clinical, biomedical and forensic science research. The structure and shape of the organ, combined with morphological measurements such as volume and curvature, can provide significant guidance towards establishing progression or severity of a condition, and thus support improved diagnosis and therapy planning. Furthermore, the classification and stratification of organ abnormalities aim to explore and investigate organ deformations following injury, trauma and illnes...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide clinicians an overview to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of Paget's disease, including recent guideline recommendations, with comparison of the Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline (JCEM 2014) with the new Clinical Guideline review endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation, the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research, the European Calcified Tissues Society, and the United Kingdom Bone Research Society (JBMR 2019). Recent findings Radionuclide bone scans are recommended for assessing the extent of Paget's disease. Bisphosphonates remain the mainstay for ...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: SPECIAL COMMENTERIES Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives: We aimed to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) followed at a large Swedish Rheumatology Clinic, and to compare differences in cardiovascular risk factors between men and women with PsA and with the general population. Method: A questionnaire was sent to patients with PsA registered at the Rheumatology Clinic at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (n = 982). Comparisons with the general population were made using data from the Swedish National Public Health Survey. Descriptive statistics are presented. Body mass i...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Scand J Rheumatol Source Type: research
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Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The conditions of human life began to improve with the Enlightenment of the 18th century, and we are better off now by many measures: food access, health, lifespan, and so on. But it hasn’t been an unbroken line of advancement. In the last three decades, U.S. death rates have risen steeply from suicide and compulsive consumption of alcohol and drugs, which Princeton University professors Anne Case and Angus Deaton famously termed “deaths of despair.” Exceeding these deaths of despair by tenfold are rising deaths from type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease—caused significantly by c...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Addiction diabetes Mental Health/Psychology neuroscience Source Type: news
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is tied to the rise in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Bariatric endoscopic interventions may provide an option to treat patients but there is scant data at present evaluating the effects on liver disease and diabetes.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
EchoSens creates non-invasive liver diagnosis medical devices. The company’s line of products, called FibroScan, work by measuring the speed of ultrasound waves as they move through liver tissue. This measurement can tell us about the state of ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive GI Medicine Source Type: blogs
Abstract Large-scale biobanks can yield unprecedented insights into our health and provide discoveries of new and potentially targetable biomarkers. Several protective loss-of-function alleles have been identified, including variants that protect against cardiovascular disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and asthma and allergic diseases. These alleles serve as indicators of efficacy, mimicking the effects of drugs and suggesting that inhibiting these genes could provide therapeutic benefit, as has been observed for PCSK9. We provide a context for these findings through a multifaceted review covering the use of gene...
Source: Drug Discovery Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Drug Discov Today Source Type: research
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is commonly associated with abdominal obesity, predominantly with high visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and is accompanied by premature atherosclerosis. However, the association between VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with premature atherosclerosis and (i.e. arterial) inflammation is not completely understood. To provide more insight into this association, we investigated the association between arterial 18F-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) uptake, as a measure of arterial inflammation, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) markers in early T2DM patients.
Source: Atherosclerosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose Low-attenuation muscle (LAM) area at mid-thigh, a computed tomography (CT)–derived index of intramuscular lipids, is associated with insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed at testing the hypothesis that changes in LAM area in trunk muscles from a single abdominal scan could provide relevant information to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle intervention without the use of a mid-thigh CT scan. Methods Cardiometabolic risk variables, including waist circumference, lipoprotein–lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and cardiorespiratory fitness, were assessed in a sample ...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
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