Nocardia nova causing empyema necessitatis afterlung re-transplantation: a case report

We report herein a case of thoracic infection due to Nocardia nova following lung re-transplantation performed for emphysema related to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. The infection extended from the lung into the pleural space, thoracic wall, and mediastinum, presenting as pericarditis and empyema necessitatis. Nocardia nova was identified by 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rDNA) sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. According to a literature search of PubMed, LILACS and MEDLINE databases, we describe herein the first case of empyema necessitatis caused by N. nova species in a transplanted patient.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Andreis A, Imazio M, De Ferrari GM Abstract Introduction: Acute pericarditis is frequently complicated with recurrences, which represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the physician, a bothersome trouble for patients. An incorrect treatment of pericarditis may cause further recurrence of symptoms, while an incorrect diagnosis may cause either a prolonged symptoms course with a possible risk of chronic constriction, or useless and potentially harmful treatments.Areas covered: This review will focus on the most useful and recent diagnostic tools for recurrent pericarditis. Medline/Pubmed Library ...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Cruz NM, Gergis U, Silver RT Abstract Introduction: Recent advances in the prognostic scheme and treatment of primary and secondary myelofibrosis (MF) have resulted in an overwhelming amount of clinical information to assimilate. The authors believe a comprehensive review that summarizes the most recent published literature, could serve as guidelines for the practicing hematologist.Areas Covered: The authors provide a summary of landmark articles regarding epidemiology, symptoms and pathogenesis of disease. The authors conducted a systematic literature review to answer questions regarding: differences betw...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
We report on the prespecified secondary outcome, echocardiographic indexes of LV function, from a previously reported study of the effect of lung ultrasound (US)-guided dry weight reduction on systolic blood pressure.Study DesignSingle-blind randomized trial.Settings &Participants71 clinically euvolemic hypertensive hemodialysis patients in Greece and Slovenia.InterventionThe active intervention group’s (n = 35) volume removal was guided by the total number of lung US B-lines observed every week before a midweek dialysis session. The usual-care group (n = 36) was treated using standard-of-care...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study revealed the current status of lung diseases potentially related to tobacco smoking in Fukuoka Prefecture. Both COPD and CPFE were highly related to tobacco smoking, whereas 30% of patients with IIPs had never smoked.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
A Michigan teenager is recovering after a rare double-lung transplant. He's one of 2,000 Americans who have been treated for severe lung damage linked to vaping. Dean Reynolds reports.
Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The six-hour operation is believed to be the first double-lung transplant for a victim of vaping
Source: Health News: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Endo G, Nagata N Abstract We herein report a case of gastrointestinal (GI) Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) without cutaneous involvement in a 73-year-old man who had received immunosuppressive drugs for granulomatosis with polyangiitis. After one year of prednisolone use, he presented with tarry stool and severe anemia. Endoscopic and pathological examinations revealed bright-reddish protruding lesions with proliferating spindle cells positive for D2-40, CD34, and HHV-8, which are definitively diagnostic of GI-KS. Drug-induced KS without HIV infection or transplantation is extremely rare, and its clinical features r...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
A 17-year-old male sickened by a THC-containing e-cigarette, one of scores across the U.S. diagnosed with respiratory illness, underwent a successful double lung transplant in October, doctors announced today.
Source: Health News - - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conference abstracts
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news
The surgery on the 17-year-old was the first transplant reported in the recent nationwide outbreak of vaping-related lung injuries.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Smoking and Tobacco Transplants Source Type: news
More News: Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency | Databases & Libraries | Emphysema | Lung Transplant | Pericarditis | Transplants | Tropical Medicine