Saving six: Life before and after transplant
An organ transplant is a life-changing event extending far beyond the operating room, the clinics and the hospital walls. Read about five children, one young adult and their families, whose lives were forever changed by the Pediatric Transplant Center at Boston Children’s Hospital. Lydia’s liver transplant, a mom’s gift Dawn Cavanagh gave her daughter life twice — first when she was born and, again, when she gave 13-year-old Lydia a piece of her liver last summer. The donor-approval process, which occurs with Boston Children’s partner Lahey Hospital &Medical Center, required hours of medical screening, including an interview with a social worker, who asked if Dawn expected anything in return for being Lydia’s liver donor. “And I said, ‘Of course I expect something,’” explains Dawn. “’I expect her to live a long and happy life, and I expect her to be with me for a long time.’” More than a year after her liver transplant, for Lydia’s birthday, Aug. 1, the Cavanagh family went on Lydia’s Make-A-Wish trip, a Disney cruise to the Bahamas. “We had so much fun,” says Dawn. “She’s a happy kid. She has dreams. She wants to be a transplant nurse, and she wants to work on 10 South at Boston Children’s Hospital.” A birthday wish granted Lucas and Dr. Vakili Lucas St. Onge was a very sick boy when he was born. Diagnosed in utero with severe s...
Conclusions: Walking speed can be used to accurately screen for frailty in CKD populations. If it is not practical to perform a physical assessment to screen for frailty, the Clinical Frailty Scale is a useful alternative.Nephron
ConclusionsDiabetes carries a significant health burden, and results vary across states. Efforts to prevent or delay diabetes or to improve diabetes management could reduce the health burden because of diabetes.
Alfacalcidol did not reduce the risk for cardiovascular events in patients without secondary hyperparathyroidism who were undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, the J-DAVID trial found.Medscape Medical News
CONCLUSION: The quality of life of children with kidney transplant is inferior compared to healthy children. The post-transplant period presents better results compared to pre-transplant children. The identification of mental, physical and social conditions related to the quality of life of this population allows for better planning the assistance provided to them. PMID: 30540061 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D supplementation was a protective factor against infections of all causes. PMID: 30540058 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The socio-demographic characteristics influenced seven self-care practices: dietary control; monitoring of body weight; effort in labor activities; knowledge about HF; up-to-date vaccination record; leisure activities; and family and social support network with strong bonds. The higher prevalence of answers indicating satisfactory self-care practices among the patients occurred in the areas of health promotion and tolerance to stress. PMID: 30540034 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: convergent care research was an appropriate method for developing the care protocol, and an important contribution to the approximation between theory and practice. The nursing care protocol was the result of this study and confirmed both the purpose of the research as a professional Master's in acquiring knowledge aimed at improving professional practice. PMID: 30540064 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract PMID: 30539924 [PubMed - in process]
Abstract: Although cardiac evaluation before kidney transplantation commonly focuses on coronary artery disease, a comprehensive pretransplant cardiac evaluation must consider other prognostically important cardiac conditions including functional and structural heart disease. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is increasingly recognized among patients with kidney failure and may be driven by left heart failure, high cardiac output from arteriovenous fistula, hypoxic lung diseases, and metabolic derangements associated with renal disease. In this article, we examine several key concepts and controversies relevant to optimizing the...
Abstract Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is rare condition which can lead to severe pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular dysfunction, and cardiopulmonary failure. The diagnosis of PVOD can be challenging due to its nonspecific symptoms and its similarity to idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and interstitial lung disease in terms of diagnostic findings. This case describes a 57 year old female patient who presented with a 5-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion and nonproductive cough. Workup at another hospital was nonspecific and the patient underwent surgical lung biopsy due to c...
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