Clinical pathology of granulomatous inflammation : With special emphasis on the lungs and central nervous system.

In this study the origins and general histopathological classification of granulomatous diseases are presented. In addition to the most common granulomatous diseases, some special and rare forms are discussed, which should also be considered in the differential diagnostic process. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: The diagnosis of a granulomatous disease should always be made in an interdisciplinary cooperation and requires close collaboration between radiologists, internists, pathologists and specialists in laboratory parameters. PMID: 27566650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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This article aims to review the basic MRI techniques, indications and terminologies used in chest imaging, with special emphasis on imaging findings of common pathologies in the pediatric population.
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
We report a case of a multilevel (T6–T12) SEA in a 22-year-old woman. Diagnosis: The patient was initially diagnosed with spinal tuberculosis at a local hospital based on a history of tuberculosis exposure, as well as radiography and computed tomography. Histopathological examination of the tissue resected during laminectomy confirmed the diagnosis of SEA in this patient. Interventions: The patient underwent multilevel laminectomy combined with long-term antibiotic therapy. Outcomes: Physical examination performed 16 months postoperatively revealed that superficial and deep sensation was restored to normal l...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Ashu S Bhalla, A Das, P Naranje, A Goyal, R Guleria, Gopi C KhilnaniIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2017 27(4):380-388 The second part of the review discusses the role of different existing imaging modalities in the evaluation of thoracic sarcoidosis, including chest radiograph, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, endobronchial ultrasound, and positron emission tomography. While summarizing the advantages and pitfalls of each imaging modality, the authors propose imaging recommendations and an algorithm to be followed in the evaluation of clinically suspected case of sarcoidosis in tuberculosis-endemic regions.
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsTo avoid the delay of diagnosis, especially in our endemic context, tuberculosis must be evoked usually. This will improve the prognosis of our patients.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough CT scan is still superior to MRI in detection of smaller nodules, MRI demonstrates a very high degree of correlation and agreement with CT scan for detecting lung and mediastinal pathology related to TB, in children with thoracic TB and can be particularly useful in select population and follow-up of these children to avoid repeated radiation exposures.
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
We present the case of an adult patient with active post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and discuss specific morphological and textural aspects found at high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lung. The 42-year-old man, heavy smoker, undertook a routine employment medical examination and was admitted to a referral pulmonology and TB center due to the abnormal findings seen on his chest radiography. The patient presented nonspecific symptoms, bilateral bronchial breath at pulmonary auscultation, inflammatory syndrome on the laboratory blood tests and positive sputum smears for acid-fast bacilli, which togeth...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang T, Ma L, Lan X, Zhen P, Wang S, Li Z Abstract STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of one-stage anterolateral debridement, bone grafting, and internal fixation for treating lumbosacral tuberculosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There has been no consensus regarding the optimal means of treating lumbosacral tuberculosis. The one-stage anterolateral extraperitoneal approach for radical debridement, bone grafting, and internal fixation for treating lumbosacral tuberculosis is rare in literature. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with lu...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Abstract: In its typical form, spinal tuberculosis (TB) presents as destroyed contiguous vertebral bodies with involvement of intervertebral discs and paravertebral or psoas abscesses. Atypical forms are uncommonly reported. Here, we describe 8 patients with noncontiguous multisegmental spinal TB with no intervertebral disc involvement. From 2013 to 2014, we surgically treated 384 patients with spinal TB to relieve spinal cord compression, re-establish spinal stability, confirm the diagnosis, and debride the TB foci. Eight of these patients had noncontiguous multisegmental TB without intervertebral disc involvement. Seven ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
We assessed whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is applicable for diagnosing pneumonia among adult outpatients with lower respiratory tract infection. Patients were recruited prospectively when they had symptoms for ≤7 days and fever ≥37.8 °C. The patients underwent high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), MRI and chest radiography, which were repeated 1 month later if necessary, to verify pneumonia. The duration of MRI examination was 3–4 min. Among 77 patients, HRCT, MRI and radiography identified 32 (41.6%), 30 (39.0%) and 23 (29.9%) cases of pneumonia, respectively (p=0.001)....
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Respiratory infections Source Type: research
l CP Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Granulomas as signs of specific inflammation of the lungs are found in various diseases with pulmonary manifestations and represent an important imaging finding. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The standard imaging modality for the work-up of granulomatous diseases of the lungs is most often thin-slice computed tomography (CT). There are a few instances, e. g. tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and silicosis, where a chest radiograph still plays an important role. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Further radiological modalities are usually not needed in the routine work-...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research
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