Prevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis: a retrospective analysis of mother-child examinations, Styria, Austria, 1995 to 2012.
Prevalence and incidence of toxoplasmosis: a retrospective analysis of mother-child examinations, Styria, Austria, 1995 to 2012. Euro Surveill. 2016 Aug 18;21(33) Authors: Berghold C, Herzog SA, Jakse H, Berghold A Abstract In Austria, mandatory screening for the prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis stipulates a serological test for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii as early as possible in pregnancy. In the case of a seronegative result, subsequent tests at intervals of 8 weeks are requested. We analysed serological data from Styria, an Austrian federal state, to determine the seroprevalence and incidence of Toxoplasma infections. The study included 353,599 tests from 103,316 women during 158,571 pregnancies from 1995 to 2012. The age-adjusted seroprevalence decreased from 43.3% in 1995 to 31.5% in 2012, with a yearly decline of 0.84% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0. 79 -0.88). The intergravid incidence showed an annual decrease of 4.2%. The average yearly incidence of intragravid and intergravid seroconversions was 0.52% (95% CI 0.45-0.61) and 0.72% (95% CI 0.67-0.77), respectively. If the difference between these rates (p
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty AcidsAuthor(s): Erika Castaño-Moreno, Valeska Castillo, Reyna Penailillo, Miguel N. Llanos, Rodrigo Valenzuela, Ana María RoncoAbstractMicronutrients (folates and vitamin B12) and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are linked through the one carbon cycle. We studied the effects of pre and postnatal high FA/low B12 diets (HFLB12) on hepatic fatty acid metabolism. Pregnant C57BL/6 mice were divided in two groups: control (2mg folic acid: FA/25 µg vitamin B12/Kg food) and HFLB12 diets (...
Publication date: 25 January 2020Source: New Scientist, Volume 245, Issue 3266Author(s): Jessica Hamzelou
ConclusionsNineteen quality indicators to measure early pregnancy care provided by EPAU were identified.
Authors: PMID: 31977405 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Jason M. Bowie, Richard Y. Calvo, Vishal Bansal, Lyndsey E. Wessels, William J. Butler, C. Beth Sise, Jennifer G. Shaw, Michael J. SiseAbstractBackgroundComplicated gallstone disease (CGD) is a common condition requiring intervention during pregnancy to avert adverse birth outcomes (ABO).MethodsCohort study using the California OSHPD 2007–2014 database. Records of pregnant patients were analyzed for gallbladder calculus within four months of delivery. Biliary system interventions were evaluated as the primary exposure....
ConclusionCombined Rendez-vous isthmoplasty is feasible, safe, and effective in experienced hands, giving the surgeon a comprehensive evaluation of the anatomy of the isthmocele, and increasing the odds of a complete resection and restoration of the anatomy 4, 5, 6, 7. In this patient, the procedure was uneventful, without any intra- or postoperative complications, and the symptoms were completely controlled.
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Namita Singh, Priya Prasad, Banashree Das, Sangita RastogiAbstractCytokines might be involved in spontaneous abortion by triggering inflammatory mediators (Cyclooxygenases (Cox)) leading to spontaneous abortion in Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct)-infected women. Study aimed to quantitate the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-8) and Cox-2 in endometrial curettage tissue (ECT) of Spontaneous Aborters (SA). SA (n = 135) and 120 age-matched controls were enrolled from SJH, New Delhi, India. PCR was perf...