Exposure to mild stress and brain derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF) immunoreactivity in the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) nuclei: Comparison between aged and adult rats.

Publication date: Available online 24 August 2016 Source:Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Author(s): Ewa Badowska-Szalewska, Beata Ludkiewicz, Rafał Krawczyk, Janusz Moryś It seems that age-dependent changes in stress response may be correlated with alterations in the hypothalamic brain derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF). Two hypothalamic nuclei, ie. paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) are closely related to the stress response. Therefore, the aim of our study was to explore the influence of acute and chronic high-light open field (HL-OF) or forced swim (FS) stimulation on the density of BDNF immunoreactive (ir) neurons in the PVN and SON in adult (postnatal day 90; P90) and aged (P720) Wistar Han rats. Our data demonstrated that in comparison with non-stressed rats, neither acute nor chronic FS caused significant changes in the density of BDNF-ir neurons of PVN and SON in P90 or P720 rats. However, a significant increase in the density of BDNF-ir neurons in the SON of P90 and a decrease in the PVN of the P720 rats were noted after acute HL-OF. Despite the lack of change in the density of BDNF-ir neurons between P90 and P720 non-stressed and FS stressed rats, there was an age-dependent decrease in the BDNF-ir cells of HL-OF stressed rats, especially in the PVN. We may conclude that in terms of its influence on the BDNF-ir neurons in PVN and SON, acute HL-OF was the factor inducing changes in the density of BDNF-ir neurons in the hypothalamic nuclei of adult or aged ...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The concept of soldier-centered care often emerges in discussions about optimal physical performance and medical readiness for soldiers. Although soldier-centered care and patient-centered care have similar conceptual underpinning, it is important to clarify the unique physical and medical requirements for soldiers that differentiate soldier-centered care from patient-centered care. Implementing the defining attributes of soldier-centered care in the U.S. Army primary care setting may improve the quality of care and health outcomes for soldiers. When defining performance metrics for primary care models of care...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Waller SG Abstract Three important but neglected principles of evaluation of global health engagement missions are stakeholder engagement, impact, and relative value. Implementing better M&E programs could be carried out in this fiscal year, without new appropriations or manpower. The result would be cost savings and improved security cooperation. PMID: 31942621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MHR may be a significant and independent predictor of poor functional outcome in patients with AIS. PMID: 31941849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Ieda N, Assadullah, Minabe S, Ikegami K, Watanabe Y, Sugimoto Y, Sugimoto A, Kawai N, Ishii H, Inoue N, Uenoyama Y, Tsukamura H Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), which coexpress neurokinin B and dynorphin, are involved in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse generation, while the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) kisspeptin neurons are responsible for GnRH/LH surge generation. The present study aims to examine whether GnRH(1-5), a GnRH metabolite, regulates LH release via kisspeptin neurons. GnRH(1-5) was...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
In conclusion, caffeine decreased oxidative stress and adipogenesis in GO orbital fibroblasts in vitro. These findings may contribute to the development of new types of caffeine-containing pharmacological agents for use in the management of GO. PMID: 31941844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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