Do two dissimilar cases represent a case series?

2 out of 5 stars High-dose Insulin and Intravenous Lipid Emulsion Therapy for Cardiogenic Shock Induced by Intentional Calcium-Channel Blocker and Beta-Blocker Overdose: A Case Series. Doepker B et al. J Emerg Med 2014 Apr;46:486-490.   Abstract The problems with this confused and confusing paper start with the title, which suggests that it will describe a series patients who presented with overdose of a calcium-channel blocker (CCB) and beta-blocker (BB), who were treated with high-dose insulin (HDI) and intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE). Well, this may be a case series, but the series includes only 2 patients, and it would have been nice if this limitation was made clear in the title. In addition, only one patient took both a BB and CCBs: Patient 1: a 35-year-old man who took large amounts of amlodipine, verapamil, and metoprolol and presented with bradycardia and hypotension Patient 2: a 59-year-old man who overdosed on metformin, amlodipine lisinopril and simvastatin and presented with bradycardia and hypotension. Both patients did well after treatment with multiple interventions (calcium, glucagon, pressors) that included HDI and ILE. Unfortunately, the cases were so dissimilar, and so many different treatment modalities were administered at different doses and times, that it is impossible to derive any take-home lessons from the cases. Also, looking at figures 1 and 3 in the paper, it is clear that the mean arterial pressures (MAP) in both patients were ...
Source: The Poison Review - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Medical beta blocker overdose calcium channel blocker overdose high-dose insulin intralipid intravenous fat emulsion Source Type: news

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Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Saavedra J, Reyes JG, Salinas DG Abstract Cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+ ]) has an important role in spermatozoa and hence it regulates fertilization. In male germinal cells, there are indirect evidences that this ion could regulate physiological processes in spermatogenesis. Since little is known about Ca 2+ homeostasis in spermatogenic cells, in this work we propose a mathematical model that accounts for experimental [Ca2+ ] dynamics triggered by blockade of the SERCA transport ATPase with thapsigargin in round rat spermatids, without external Ca2+ and with different extracellular lactate concentrat...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Naila Choudhary, Katia Bravo-Jaimes, Carmen Smotherman, Saadia Sherazi, Dale F. Kraemer, Gladys P. Velarde
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
In conclusion, the presence of anti-SOX1 abs alone is a potential predictor of an uncommon paraneoplastic neurological disorder, usually occurring in the setting of LEMS, PCD, and SCLC. The detection of anti-SOX1 abs contributes to an early diagnosis of underlying tumors, given the diversity of clinical symptoms and the absence of characteristic neuroimaging features. PMID: 33029958 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
We report a case in which activated-charcoal column hemoperfusion was dramatically effective for life-threatening disopyramide poisoning. Patient concerns: A teenage girl who had overdosed on disopyramide (total dose, 4950 mg) was brought to our hospital. She was resuscitated from short period cardiopulmonary arrest and subsequently showed severe cardiogenic shock and ventricular arrhythmia. Diagnoses: Disopyramide poisoning (self-evident). Interventions: As hemodynamics remained unstable after providing percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and intra-aortic balloon pumping, we attempted direct hemoperfusion using a ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Refractory cardiogenic shock due to drug intoxication is still one of the best indications for ECLS owing to the satisfactory survival with good neurological outcome in such a critically ill population. Further data are however necessary in order to best understand the possible relation between drug intoxication and lower limb ischemia, which was quite superior to the reported rates. PMID: 28839998 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
We report a case of severe tramadol intoxication, with plasma concentration 20 times the toxic threshold, complicated by refractory cardiogenic shock, successfully treated by extra corporeal life support (ECLS) with a favorable cardiac outcome and ECLS weaning at day 10. Seizure, clonus, and nonreactive mydriasis were present during 4 days, and complete awakening was delayed to day 15. Poisoning caused by high doses of tramadol can lead to refractory cardiogenic shock, and ECLS can be considered as effective rescue therapy in this context. PMID: 27240781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cardiovascular Toxicology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc Toxicol Source Type: research
ChaNaWiT/shutterstock.com 3.5 out of 5 stars Two Cases of Refractory Cardiogenic Shock Secondary to Bupropion Successfully Treated with Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrance Oxygenation. Heise CW et al. J Med Toxicol 2016 Feb 8 [Epub Ahead of Print] Abstract This awesome, exciting paper from Banner University Medical Center in Phoenix describes two teenagers with severe bupropion overdose who survived refractory cardiac arrest after veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO): Case 1: A 15-year-old girl was brought to hospital after ingesting up to 90 150-mg bupropion tablets. She had a seiz...
Source: The Poison Review - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Medical burpropion ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation Source Type: news
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