Predictors of Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Results after Decolonization.

Predictors of Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Results after Decolonization. Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2016;2016:4367156 Authors: Malcolm TL, Robinson le D, Klika AK, Ramanathan D, Higuera CA, Murray TG Abstract Protocols for the screening and decolonization of Staphylococcus aureus prior to total joint arthroplasty (TJA) have become widely adopted. The goals of this study were to determine: (1) whether implementation of a screening protocol followed by decolonization with mupirocin/vancomycin and chlorhexidine reduces the risk of revision compared with no screening protocol (i.e., chlorhexidine alone) and (2) whether clinical criteria could reliably predict colonization with MSSA and/or MRSA. Electronic medical records of primary patients undergoing TJA that were screened (n = 3,927) and were not screened (n = 1,751) for Staphylococcus aureus at least 4 days prior to surgery, respectively, were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received chlorhexidine body wipes preoperatively. Patients carrying MSSA and MRSA were treated preoperatively with mupirocin and vancomycin, respectively, along with the standard preoperative antibiotics and chlorhexidine body wipes. Screened patients were 50% less likely to require revision due to prosthetic joint infection compared to those not screened (p = 0.04). Multivariate regression models were poorly accurate in predicting colonization with MSSA (AUC = 0.58) and MRSA (AUC = 0.62). These results support t...
Source: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis Source Type: research

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Chem Commun (Camb). 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1039/d1cc05455d. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHerein, we report a series of di-anionic supramolecular self-associating amphiphiles (SSAs). We elucidate the antimicrobial properties of these SSAs against both methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In addition, we show this class of compound to form both intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonded macrocyclic structures in the solid state.PMID:34698738 | DOI:10.1039/d1cc05455d
Source: Chemical Communications - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Béla Kocsis Dóra Rippelné Pethő Györgyi Horváth The extraction of clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.) using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) was systematically studied by using thin layer chromatography-direct bioautography (TLC-DB) and response surface methodology (RSM). The three parameters temperature, pressure, and cosolvent ratio were optimized for the maximum antibacterial activity of clary sage extracts against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The highest inhibition zone was 7.51 mm for P. aeruginosa an...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Researchers at Monash University in Australia and Harvard University have developed a new treatment for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. To achieve this, they attached a chemoattractant to an antibiotic drug molecule, meaning that ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Medicine Public Health Source Type: blogs
Planta Med DOI: 10.1055/a-1652-1547Plants have a long history of use for their medicinal properties. The complexity of botanical extracts presents unique challenges and necessitates the application of innovative approaches to correctly identify and quantify bioactive compounds. For this study, we used untargeted metabolomics to explore the antimicrobial activity of Rumex crispus (yellow dock), a member of the Polygonaceae family used as an herbal remedy for bacterial infections. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass-spectrometry (UPLC-MS) was used to identify and quantify the known antim...
Source: Planta Medica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Papers Source Type: research
This study is aimed at developing coriander oil into a nanoemulgel and evaluating its antimicrobial and anticancer effects. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) oil was developed into a nanoemulgel by using a self-nanoemulsifying technique with Tween 80 and Span 80. Hydrogel material (Carbopol 940) was then incorporated into the nanoemulsion and mixed well. After this, we evaluated the particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), rheology, antimicrobial effect, and cytotoxic activity. The nanoemulsion had a PDI of 0.188 and a particle size of 165.72 nm. Interesting results were obtained with the nanoemulgel against different types...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(11):2825-2835. doi: 10.3201/eid2711.210097.ABSTRACTWe typed 600 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected in 51 hospitals in the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, metropolitan area during 2014-2017. We found that multiple new clonal complex (CC) 5 sequence types had replaced previously dominant MRSA lineages in hospitals. Whole-genome analysis of 208 isolates revealed an emerging sublineage of multidrug-resistant MRSA, sequence type 105, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec II, spa t002, which we designated the Rio de Janeiro (RdJ) clone. Using molecular clock analysis, we hypo...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Braz J Infect Dis. 2021 Oct 18:101636. doi: 10.1016/j.bjid.2021.101636. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current epidemic proportions of infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus strains and especially by methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) are one of today's many threats to global public health, particularly in underdeveloped countries where significant gaps on the subject exist. The rapid spread and diversification of pandemic clones that exhibit remarkably increasing virulence and antimicrobial resistance pose a risk to the effective prevention and treatment of a wide range of infections. Undoubtedly, the remarkabl...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(11):2825-2835. doi: 10.3201/eid2711.210097.ABSTRACTWe typed 600 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected in 51 hospitals in the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, metropolitan area during 2014-2017. We found that multiple new clonal complex (CC) 5 sequence types had replaced previously dominant MRSA lineages in hospitals. Whole-genome analysis of 208 isolates revealed an emerging sublineage of multidrug-resistant MRSA, sequence type 105, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec II, spa t002, which we designated the Rio de Janeiro (RdJ) clone. Using molecular clock analysis, we hypo...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This study is aimed at developing coriander oil into a nanoemulgel and evaluating its antimicrobial and anticancer effects. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) oil was developed into a nanoemulgel by using a self-nanoemulsifying technique with Tween 80 and Span 80. Hydrogel material (Carbopol 940) was then incorporated into the nanoemulsion and mixed well. After this, we evaluated the particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), rheology, antimicrobial effect, and cytotoxic activity. The nanoemulsion had a PDI of 0.188 and a particle size of 165.72 nm. Interesting results were obtained with the nanoemulgel against different types...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Emerg Infect Dis. 2021;27(11):2825-2835. doi: 10.3201/eid2711.210097.ABSTRACTWe typed 600 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected in 51 hospitals in the Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, metropolitan area during 2014-2017. We found that multiple new clonal complex (CC) 5 sequence types had replaced previously dominant MRSA lineages in hospitals. Whole-genome analysis of 208 isolates revealed an emerging sublineage of multidrug-resistant MRSA, sequence type 105, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec II, spa t002, which we designated the Rio de Janeiro (RdJ) clone. Using molecular clock analysis, we hypo...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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