Antioxidant Activity and Chemical Characterization of Extracts from the Genus Hymenaea

Conclusion: These results suggest that H. courbaril should be further explored with a focus on use in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food formulations.
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

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The use of dogs for detecting invasive animal species has increased in Japan. Damage to endemic species by the Carolina anole (Anolis carolinensis) is expanding in the Ogasawara Islands. We hypothesised that dogs trained to recognize the anole ’s odor would be useful in detection work. A healthy adult female German shepherd was trained to discriminate anole odors by using a cloth onto which we had transferred frozen body odor or frozen excrement/urine odor, along with an odorless cloth. After achieving 100% accuracy, she was trained to discriminate between body odor and excrement/urine odor of the same anole.
Source: Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Source Type: research
Malaria case management across endemic regions of the globe relies on artemisinin (ART) combination therapies for the rapid treatment of acute Plasmodium infection and prevention of severe disease. However, the efficacy of combination therapy is threatened by reduced sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to ART and partner drugs, which, in turn,...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research
The insular Caribbean until recently contained a diverse mammal fauna including four endemic platyrrhine primate species, all of which died out during the Holocene. Previous morphological studies have attempted to establish how these primates are related to fossil and extant platyrrhines, whether they represent ancient or recent colonists, and whether...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the effectiven...
Source: BMC Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study revealed that polyparasitism with IP infections and schistosomiasis japonica is highly prevalent in individuals in Northern Samar which likely contributes to the significant public health and socio-economic burden suffered by this population. More generally, the findings are of relevance when considering implementation of integrated control strategies for intestinal parasites.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We present the case of an individual who disobeyed animal health legislation and crossed animal quarantine boundaries and two state lines with a cattle tick (Rhipicephalus australis) infested horse. Following recognition of the infestation by animal health officers, the individual asserted that the infestation had occurred either during transport or upon arrival at the site of discovery, and that they had not contravened quarantine legislation. Utilizing ticks as forensic indicators, knowledge of the life cycle and minimum age of ticks on the infested horse indicated that the individual ’s assertions were false, and ...
Source: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
Lassa fever has been a public health concern in the West African sub-region where it is endemic and a latent threat to the world at large. We investigated the trend in Lassa fever research using bibliometric a...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
by Mustafa Abbas, Peter Siordet Scolding, Abubaker Ahmed Yosif, Roa Fath EL Rahman, Melka O. EL-Amin, Mohamed Kamal Elbashir, Nora Groce, Ahmed Hassan Fahal Mycetoma is a neglected tropical disease endemic in tropical and subtropical countries, particularly Sudan. The disease is characterised by the triad of painless subcutaneous mass, multiple sinuses and discharge that contain grains. It is a chronic, debilitating disease most commonly affecting the feet or hands and leads to substantial morbidity, loss of function and even amputation. It predominantly affects poor, rural populations and patients typically present late ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2018Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Maria A. Stander, Elizabeth Joubert, Dalene De BeerAbstractTwo endemic South African herbal teas, namely rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and honeybush (Cyclopia spp.), are especially valued for their caffeine-free status. No recent evidence based on state-of-the-art analytical methodology with low limits of detection (e.g. below 1 μg/L) is available. The current study provides such evidence. Randomly selected samples of fermented rooibos (n = 10) and honeybush herbal teas from four species (n&t...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2018Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Huseyin Bilgin Bilgic, Ayça Aksulu, Serkan Bakırcı, Ahmet Hakan Unlu, Onur Kose, Selin Hacılarlıoglu, William Weir, Tulin KaragencAbstractTropical theileriosis is a tick-borne haemoparasitic disease of cattle caused by the protozoan parasite Theileria annulata. Globally, the economic impact of the disease is immense and enhanced control measures would improve livestock production in endemic regions. Immunisation with a live attenuated vaccine is an effective and widely used control method, however, the repeated use of liv...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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