Fibrillin-1 Expression Is Decreased in the Diaphragmatic Muscle Connective Tissue of Nitrofen-Induced Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Eur J Pediatr Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1587586 Introduction Diaphragmatic morphogenesis depends on proper formation of muscle connective tissue (MCT) and underlying extracellular matrix (ECM). Fibrillin-1 is an essential ECM protein and crucial for the structural integrity of MCT in the developing diaphragm. Recently, mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1) have been identified in cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), thus suggesting that alterations in FBN1 gene expression may lead to diaphragmatic defects. We designed this study to investigate the hypothesis that the diaphragmatic expression of fibrillin-1 is decreased in the MCT of nitrofen-induced CDH. Materials and Methods Time-mated rats were exposed to nitrofen or vehicle on gestational day 9 (D9). Fetal diaphragms (n = 72) were harvested on D13, D15, and D18, and divided into control and nitrofen-exposed specimens. Laser-capture microdissection was used to obtain diaphragmatic tissue cells. Gene expression levels of FBN1 were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Immunofluorescence-double-staining for fibrillin-1 and the mesenchymal marker Gata4 was performed to evaluate protein expression and localization. Results Relative mRNA expression of FBN1 was significantly decreased in pleuroperitoneal folds on D13 (3.39 ± 1.29 vs. 5.47 ± 1.92; p
Conclusions: we propose the description of large sample of pediatric patients with congenital bronchopulmonary malformations, followed from one Center. Chest CT and LTBS are important investigation in congenital airway anomalies.
ConclusionWe successfully adapted BaseScope ™ to detect circRNAs in rat biofluids: serum and amniotic fluid. We detected signal from probes targeted to circRNAs that are dysregulated in rat CDH. This work establishes the preliminary feasibility of circRNA detection in prenatal diagnostics.
Conclusion This study demonstrates for the first time decreased NOSIP expression in the pulmonary vasculature of the nitrofen-induced CDH. These findings suggest that NOSIP underexpression may interfere with NO production, contributing to abnormal vascular remodeling and PPH. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusion Decreased ephrin-B1, -B2, and -B4 expression may disrupt diaphragmatic development and lung branching morphogenesis by interfering with epithelial–mesenchymal interactions, thus causing diaphragmatic defects and PH. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Conclusions: Markers of evolution of CLM are difficult to homogenize. Clinical registries may help design more comprehensive care.
We present a case of a 30-year-old woman presenting to the antenatal clinic at 13 weeks of pregnancy with high suspicion of Cushing's disease. Her 21-week fetal scan showed a congenital diaphragmatic hernia and she underwent pituitary magnetic resonance imaging, which confirm Cushing's disease. She successfully underwent transsphenoidal adenomectomy with histology confirming a corticotroph adenoma. Tests following transsphenoidal surgery confirmed remission of Cushing's disease and she underwent an emergency caesarean section at 38 weeks. Unfortunately, her baby died from complications associated with the congenital abnorm...
We report the case of a 3-year-old boy who presented with an upper respiratory tract infection and severe dyspnea. A chest X-ray revealed a left-sided tension pneumothorax with mediastinal shift and suspected enterothorax. After thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan, a chest tube was inserted, which drained fluid which had the same consistency and color as the one derived from the nasogastric (NG) tube. The boy underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for suspected bowel perforation, which confirmed a left-sided Bochdalek hernia with herniation of the viscera into the chest. After repositioning of the herniated organs into the ab...
AbstractPurposeCongenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and associated pulmonary hypoplasia are thought to be caused by a malformation of the underlying diaphragmatic and airway mesenchyme. GATA binding protein 6 (Gata-6) is a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that plays a crucial role during diaphragm and lung development. In the primordial diaphragm, Gata-6 expression is restricted to mesenchymal compartments of the pleuroperitoneal folds (PPFs). In addition,Gata-6 is essential for airway branching morphogenesis through upregulation of mesenchymal signaling. Recently, mutations inGata-6 have been linked to human C...
Conclusions Decreased expression of Itga3, Itga6, and Itga8 in the pulmonary mesenchyme may lead to disruptions in airway branching morphogenesis, thus contributing to PH in the nitrofen-induced CDH model. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
ConclusionsTo the best of our knowledge, this is the largest series published in the literature on this topic. Laparoscopic CMDH repair is well standardized: The full-thickness anterior abdominal wall repair using non-resorbable suture with interrupted stitches is the technique of choice. Postoperative outcome was excellent. Recurrence rate was very low, about 2% in our series. We believe that children with CMDH should be always treated in laparoscopy following the technical details reported in this paper.