What Medical Problems Can Patients with Turner Syndrome Have?

Discussion Turner Syndrome (TS) is one of the most common genetic disorders in females. It was first described by Dr. Henry H. Turner in 1938. It affects 1 in 2000-2500 births and ~70,000 girls and women have TS in the United States. It is caused by the absence of all or part of the second X chromosome. The most common variation is 45X which affects about 50% of TS patients and usually has the most complications, but there are other variations. Phenotypes vary and therefore the age of diagnosis varies. Mean age of diagnosis unfortunately is 15 years. Diagnosis is made by chromosomal analysis. Haploinsufficiency of the SHOX gene is associated with short stature in Turner syndrome. Patient presentations depend on age and phenotype. Most (almost all) TS patients have short stature and primary ovarian failure, but patients can have a variety of medical problems. Patients need comprehensive management from a variety of specialists to address their medical and psychosocial needs throughout their lifetime. Recommendations for comprehensive management can be found in the To Learn More section below. Learning Point Medical problems that patients with Turner Syndrome can have include: *Short stature/growth retardation – almost 100% of patients Short stature occurs in almost all patients with an average of 8 in (20 cm) shorter than predicted mid-parental height. Final adult height has been dramatically improved with growth hormone treatment. Short stature or growth failure are ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Authors: Pintaudi B, Di Vieste G, Corrado F, Lucisano G, Giunta L, D'Anna R, Di Benedetto A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Myo-inositol supplementation prevents gestational diabetes (GDM) in women at risk and reduces insulin resistance in women with GDM. No data are available about its effect on glucose variability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a supplementation of myo-inositol on glucose variability in women with GDM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Myo-inositol effect on glucose variability was studied in a pilot case-control study involving 12 consecutive pregnant women (median age 34 years, 25.0% insulin...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the majority of human milk samples included beta-lactams or quinolones, even though the mothers did not receive these antibiotics during pregnancy and lactation. Antibiotic residues in human milk may affect early maintenance of the intestinal microbiota. Previous studies have shown that antimicrobials in food might increase the risks of allergies and could lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. Effective policies on food safety and appropriate antibiotic use during pregnancy and lactation are needed. PMID: 30338827 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Investigation for TGF-β1 expression in type 2 diabetes and protective effects of TGF-β1 on osteoblasts under high glucose environment. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 Jan;22(19):6500-6506 Authors: Wang WD, Cheng BZ, Kang WB, Zheng RW, Cai YL, Wang XJ Abstract OBJECTIVE: The occurrence rate of delayed fracture healing in diabetes mellitus patients is high. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is an important regulatory factor in bone tissue repair and regeneration. However, TGF-β1 expression and its function in diabetic patient fracture have not been fully elucidated. PATI...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Highly expressed FAL1 can promote proliferation and migration of endothelial cells through activating PTEN/AKT signaling pathway. PMID: 30338819 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compelling experimental and human work has highlighted the close association connection between endoneurial microangiopathy and diabetic polyneuropathy. Future investigations will need to investigate the role of microvascular factors both in the periphery and the central nervous system in the pathogenesis of painful DPN. PMID: 30338814 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The identification of inflammatory biomarkers released by adipose tissue, in the pathogenesis of EC, could be useful in improving diagnostic accuracy, identifying targets of therapy, suggesting useful lifestyle behaviors. A deeper knowledge of the genetic background of alterations in inflammatory pathway genes could better define the population exposed to a higher susceptibility to EC due to genetic polymorphisms. Future studies are needed to better understand this field. PMID: 30338797 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-21 inhibits osteogenesis through regulating MSCs-derived exosomes extracted from osteoporosis patients via targeting SMAD7. PMID: 30338786 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Low expression of microRNA-21 attenuated cell infiltration of trophoblasts via direct regulating PTEN expression. PMID: 30338782 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
TYPE 2 diabetes sufferers don ’t have to follow strict diet plans, but should watch what they eat so as to avoid a spike in blood sugar levels. Eat this type of birthday cake and follow these tips to ensure you can still enjoy a slice of celebratory cake without harming your blood sugar level.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2018Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Uri P. Dior, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Karen L. Reidy, Claudia Cheng, Martin HealeyABSTRACTStudy ObjectiveTo describe the incidence, management, and complications of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and define risk factors for conversion from medical to surgical treatment of CSP.DesignRetrospective clinical study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3).SettingTertiary medical center.PatientsAll patients who were admitted and treated for CSP between 2008 and 2016.InterventionsThe cohort was divided according to management...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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