Crystallographic insights into the structure – activity relationships of diazaborine enoyl-ACP reductase inhibitors

Enoyl-ACP reductase, the last enzyme of the fatty-acid biosynthetic pathway, is the molecular target for several successful antibiotics such as the tuberculosis therapeutic isoniazid. It is currently under investigation as a narrow-spectrum antibiotic target for the treatment of several types of bacterial infections. The diazaborine family is a group of boron heterocycle-based synthetic antibacterial inhibitors known to target enoyl-ACP reductase. Development of this class of molecules has thus far focused solely on the sulfonyl-containing versions. Here, the requirement for the sulfonyl group in the diazaborine scaffold was investigated by examining several recently characterized enoyl-ACP reductase inhibitors that lack the sulfonyl group and exhibit additional variability in substitutions, size and flexibility. Biochemical studies are reported showing the inhibition of Escherichia coli enoyl-ACP reductase by four diazaborines, and the crystal structures of two of the inhibitors bound to E. coli enoyl-ACP reductase solved to 2.07 and 2.11   Å resolution are reported. The results show that the sulfonyl group can be replaced with an amide or thioamide without disruption of the mode of inhibition of the molecule.
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section F - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: antibiotics binding sites boron heterocycle enzyme inhibitors NAD Escherichia coli crystallography enoyl-ACP reductase research communications Source Type: research

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