Catalysis

Funding Opportunity ID: 287293 Opportunity Number: PD-16-1401 Opportunity Title: CatalysisOpportunity Category: DiscretionaryOpportunity Category Explanation: Funding Instrument Type: GrantCategory of Funding Activity: Science and Technology and other Research and DevelopmentCategory Explanation: CFDA Number(s): 47.041Eligible Applicants: Unrestricted (i.e., open to any type of entity above), subject to any clarification in text field entitled "Additional Information on Eligibility"Additional Information on Eligibility: Agency Code: NSFAgency Name: National Science FoundationPosted Date: Aug 11, 2016Close Date: Oct 20, 2016Last Updated Date: Aug 11, 2016Award Ceiling: Award Floor: Estimated Total Program Funding: $4,800,000Expected Number of Awards: Description: The goal of the Catalysis program is to advance research in catalytic engineering science and promote fundamental understanding and the development of catalytic materials and reactions that are of benefit to society. Research in this program should focus on new basic understanding of catalytic materials and reactions, utilizing synthetic, theoretical, and experimental approaches. Target applications include fuels, specialty and bulk chemicals, environmental catalysis, biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals, conversion of greenhouse gases, and generation of solar hydrogen, as well as efficient routes to energy utilization. Heterogeneous catalysis represents the main thrust of the program. Proposa...
Source: Grants.gov - Category: Research Tags: Science and Technology and other Research and Development Source Type: funding

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Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Journal of Electroanalytical ChemistryAuthor(s): I.A. Fiori, G.B. Melle, E. SittaAbstractThe effect of halide anion adsorption on methanol electro-oxidation reaction in acid media was studied by means of thermal effects on both cyclic voltammograms (CV) and oscillations in galvanostatic time series (GTS). While increasing the chloride concentration we observed a monotonically current decrease followed by an increase of apparent activation energy (Ea) in CV, GTS increases the maximum potential (Emax) and decreases both the oscillation frequency (w) and Ea. Poisoning...
Source: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Arabian Journal of ChemistryAuthor(s): Islam M. Al-Akraa, Ahmad M. MohammadAbstractThe CO poisoning of the platinum anodic catalyst which typically functions the catalytic deterioration of the direct formic acid fuel cells could be minimized with a simple modification for Pt with titanium oxide. The fabrication scheme involved the spin-coating of a Ti precursor onto a Pt thin layer that was physically sputtered onto a Si substrate. The whole assembly was subjected to a post-annealing processing to produce the TiOx layer (60 nm) in a porous structure (mostly Anatase...
Source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Reisinger A, Rabensteiner J, Hackl G Abstract Acute intoxications account for a significant proportion of the patient population in intensive care units and sedative medications, ethanol, illicit drugs, inhalable poisons and mixed intoxications are the most common causes. The aim of this article is to describe biomarkers for screening and diagnosis of acute intoxications in critically ill patients. For this purpose, a survey of the relevant literature was conducted, and guidelines, case reports, expert assessments, and scientific publications were reviewed. In critical care it should always be attempted to...
Source: Biomarkers - Category: Research Tags: Biomarkers Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Alcohol may cause death directly by acute poisoning, as well as induce illnesses or accidents that lead to death. Our research question was whether the current decreasing trend in acute fatal alcohol poisonings in Finland is a real phenomenon o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Alexandrium minutum is a typical marine toxic dinoflagellate responsible for producing paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins. Until now, we know little about the genomic information of A. minutum, so a transcriptome study was conducted to clarify the physiological adaptations related to nutritional deficiency. Here, we performed RNA-Seq analysis to assess the gene expression patterns of A. minutum under N and P deficient conditions for 0 (control), 6, and 72 h. Main differences between the control and experimental groups were observed in hydrolase activity and fatty acid, lipid, protein, and P metabolism. Activities o...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil and other products containing CBD are being touted as a natural, organic remedy for a wide range of women’s health concerns. Sellers of these products make many claims: CBD has calming effects on sleep, mood, and anxiety; eases hot flashes and improves bone density by balancing hormonal changes of menopause; and has anti-inflammatory properties that clear skin, cure acne, and calm rosacea. It’s promoted for PMS symptoms like bloating and mood swings. And CBD-infused lubricants claim to boost arousal and enjoyment of sex. So, how much of this is true? First, what is CBD? CBD is a major ingr...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Drugs and Supplements Health Marijuana Women's Health Source Type: blogs
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the demographics, clinical characteristics, fatal dose, the efficacy of treatments, and prognosis in paraquat (PQ) poisoning in the Kerman Province of Iran. METHODS: This analytical cross-sect...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Introduction: To estimate cost savings from the Australian Poisons Information Centres (PIC) through reductions in unnecessary health resources following unintentional low toxicity poisonings.Methods: Two telephone surveys were conducted. The...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We present the use of a novel antidote cocktail of n-acetylcysteine, fomepizole, and hemodialysis to treat a massive acetaminophen ingestion.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study centres on the prevalence of new psychoactive substances (NPS) stimulant use, and its relevance as a cause of death amongst individuals between the ages of 12 and 35 in the greater Cologne area. An automated solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the determination of 97 stimulants in urine (including conventional stimulants, e.g. amphetamine and MDMA), of which 68 analytes were fully validated for quantification. Samples of urine or kidney tissue (in cases where urine was unavailable) of 268 deceased were collected, during autopsy, between January 2011 and ...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - Category: Medical Law Source Type: research
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