Prerequisites for a successful lung cancer screening program.
[Prerequisites for a successful lung cancer screening program]. Radiologe. 2016 Aug 8; Authors: Becker N, Delorme S Abstract The American national lung cancer screening trial (NLST) has provided the first confirmation of a reduction in lung cancer mortality by using low-dose multislice computed tomography (MSCT). Preliminary evaluations of smaller European trials could not confirm such a reduction. The final evaluation of the larger Dutch-Belgian NELSON trial and five other European trials are expected within the next 1-2 years. The results of the completed rounds of screening in all these studies indicate that the margin between a positive and a negative benefit-to-harm balance will be narrow. In such a scenario it will be crucial to optimize the definition of the target population for screening as a high-risk group for lung cancer, the quality of screening in terms of high sensitivity and specificity as well as high quality treatment and an effective ongoing control of program quality. Not all healthcare systems are suitable to fulfill these prerequisites. PMID: 27502003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsOccult nodal disease was frequently identified in peripheral N1 stations (11-13) in patients with small (≤2 cm) clinical N0 NSCLC. Hilar lymphadenectomy is essential for accurate staging in the management of patients with small clinical N0 NSCLC.
We present the case of an asymptomatic woman, a chronic heavy smoker, who presented with an incidental lung mass and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration did not show malignancy. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan showed increased uptake with a standardized uptake value of 26.4 in the mediastinal lymph node and an additional hypermetabolic right supraclavicular lymph node. Surgical biopsy of the supraclavicular node revealed non-necrotizing granuloma. Discussion of the clinical dilemma is provided.
Conclusions: As a subgroup of GGO nodules, pure GGO nodules predict a better prognosis in all lung cancer patients. Wheras our study showed that lung patients with pure GGO nodules in similar stages were not significantly different in long-term prognoses, in the short term; patients with pure GGO nodules had longer PFS.
CONCLUSION: This work verifies previously published results and demonstrates that ComBat harmonization is an effective means to harmonize radiomic features extracted from different imaging protocols to allow comparisons in large multi-institution datasets. Biological variation can be explicitly preserved by providing the ComBat algorithm with clinical or biological variables to protect. ComBat harmonization should be tested for its effect on predictive models. PMID: 31835261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
To determine the prevalence of moderate-to-severe hepatic steatosis (HS) and associated risk factors in members of the World Trade Center (WTC) General Responder Cohort (GRC) who qualify for low-dose non-contrast computed tomography for lung cancer screening and compare them to non-WTC participants in the same screening program.
Abstract PURPOSE: To provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing clinicians on radiographic imaging and biomarker surveillance strategies after definitive curative-intent therapy in patients with stage I-III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and SCLC. METHODS: ASCO convened an Expert Panel of medical oncology, thoracic surgery, radiation oncology, pulmonary, radiology, primary care, and advocacy experts to conduct a literature search, which included systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and prospective and retrospective comparative observational studies published from 2000...
The objective of this paper is to provide useful definitions for understanding the methods used and their possibilities, and report current and future developments for thoracic imaging. Prospective validation of AI tools will be required before reaching routine clinical implementation.
As awareness of the habits and risks associated with lung cancer has increased, so has the interest in promoting and improving upon lung cancer screening procedures. Recent research demonstrates the benefits of lung cancer screening; the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) found as its primary result that preventative screening significantly decreases the death rate for patients battling lung cancer. However, it was also noted that the false positive rate was very high (>94%).In this work, we investigated the ability of various machine learning classifiers to accurately predict lung cancer nodule status while also cons...
AbstractBackground.Postprogression repeat biopsies are critical in caring for patients with lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. However, hesitation about invasive procedures persists. We assessed safety and tissue adequacy for molecular profiling among repeat postprogression percutaneous transthoracic needle aspirations and biopsies (rebiopsies).Materials and Methods.All lung biopsies performed at our hospital from 2009 to 2017 were reviewed. Complications were classified by Society of Interventional Radiology criteria. Complication rates between rebiopsies in EGFR‐mutants and all other lu...