The Guardian view on granny orcas: nothing to do with humans | Editorial

Fascinating work is being done on the family life of killer whales. But like research into New Caledonian crows, it has nothing to do with the way we live our livesEvolutionary biologists from British universities havefound new evidence to support their theory that, despite their infertile state,post-menopausal killer whales play a beneficial role in the lives of their grandchildren. The scientists have a serious purpose: they want to find out why orcas go through the menopause, a characteristic shared only by pilot whales and humans. But their work produces delightful insights, starting with the reminder that even orcas, most familiar from blood-soaked natural history documentaries, are in fact family-loving creatures that live in caring extended kinship groups, in which the females usually outlive the males by at least 20 years. So far, so very interesting. The danger comes when others take their research and use it to promote their own view of what constitutes a well-ordered society.Evolutionary biologists have been studying orcas for more than a decade in the search for an evolutionary benefit to the menopause that would explain why it happens. They now conclude that in mammal species where family groups stay together (rather than young males or females being forced to leave), there is a benefit in the form of whatthey term late-life helping. This is not a new idea: it originated in the 1950s. Onemore recent study suggested that it was actually mothering, not gr...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biology Oceans Environment Animals World news Wildlife Science Human biology Sex Life and style Family Evolution Source Type: news

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ConclusionModerate-to-severe endometriosis was more common in women with East or South East Asian ethnicity in our tertiary referral center. This could be explained by East/South East Asians with minimal-mild disease being less likely to seek care, or genetic/environmental differences that increase the risk of more severe disease amongst East/South East Asians.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Middle East Fertility Society Journal, Volume 23, Issue 2Author(s): Islam Mohamed Magdi Ammar, Mostafa Abdo Ahmed SalemAbstractBackgroundAdequate and optimum endometrial development is required for a successful pregnancy to occur. Clomiphene citrate is well known for its negative impact on endometrial thickness. The long-acting phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, Tadalafil, was shown to improve endometrial growth in patients under Clomiphene citrate stimulation.ObjectiveTo study the effect of Tadalafil on the endometrial thickness in Clomiphene citrate stimulated cycles as compared to clomiphe...
Source: Middle East Fertility Society Journal - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Case Reports in Women's Health, Volume 18Author(s): Ashima Arora, Shameema Anvar SadathAbstractGenital tuberculosis is usually diagnosed in young women being assessed for infertility. After menopause it usually presents with symptoms resembling endometrial malignancy, such as postmenopausal bleeding, persistent vaginal discharge and pyometra. The diagnosis is made by detection of acid-fast bacilli on microscopy or bacteriological culture and/or presence of epithelioid granuloma on biopsy. Anti-tubercular therapy involves the use of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. Surg...
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Middle East Fertility Society Journal, Volume 23, Issue 2Author(s): Islam Mohamed Magdi Ammar, Mostafa Abdo Ahmed SalemAbstractBackgroundAdequate and optimum endometrial development is required for a successful pregnancy to occur. Clomiphene citrate is well known for its negative impact on endometrial thickness. The long-acting phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, Tadalafil, was shown to improve endometrial growth in patients under Clomiphene citrate stimulation.ObjectiveTo study the effect of Tadalafil on the endometrial thickness in Clomiphene citrate stimulated cycles as compared to clomiphe...
Source: Middle East Fertility Society Journal - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionModerate-to-severe endometriosis was more common in women with East or South East Asian ethnicity in our tertiary referral center. This could be explained by East/South East Asians with minimal-mild disease being less likely to seek care, or genetic/environmental differences that increase the risk of more severe disease amongst East/South East Asians.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2018Source: Case Reports in Women's Health, Volume 18Author(s): Ashima Arora, Shameema Anvar SadathAbstractGenital tuberculosis is usually diagnosed in young women being assessed for infertility. After menopause it usually presents with symptoms resembling endometrial malignancy, such as postmenopausal bleeding, persistent vaginal discharge and pyometra. The diagnosis is made by detection of acid-fast bacilli on microscopy or bacteriological culture and/or presence of epithelioid granuloma on biopsy. Anti-tubercular therapy involves the use of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol. Surg...
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Hayashi C, Chishima F, Matsumoto K, Kato E, Shinya K, Nakao T, Nakamura A, Yamamoto T Abstract Preservation of fertility has been recommended for cancer-bearing patients of reproductive age before undergoing cancer treatment. However, there are many considerations and it is difficult to preserve fertility for all patients undergoing therapy for malignancies. Female cancer survivors had lower pregnancy and live birth rates compared with others that underwent assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs). We should continue to consider the issue of infertility in patients who underwent therapies for malignancies...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Since the cause of OP is still unknown and it has no typical clinical manifestations, the present authors adopt blood P-hCG combined with B-ultrasound to improve the preoperative diagnosis. They prefer laparoscopic wedge resection of ovary or lesionectomy, which induce higher rate of intrauterine pregnancy and lower rates of ectopic pregnancy and infertility in re-pregnancy after surgery. PMID: 29944241 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
, including infertility, period pains or the menopause, according to a UK government survey of 7,300 women.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion Moderate-to-severe endometriosis was more common in women with East or South East Asian ethnicity in our tertiary referral center. This could be explained by East/South East Asians with minimal-mild disease being less likely to seek care, or genetic/environmental differences that increase the risk of more severe disease amongst East/South East Asians.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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