Ethiopia: Solar Powered Mini-Media Kits Support Malaria Prevention in Ethiopian Communities

[Malaria Consortium] During a recent visit to the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia, Malaria Consortium teams visited the Meja Primary School to hear how our awareness raising project has improved both health seeking behaviour and school attendance.
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria/TB coinfection among bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients at a national TB treatment centre in Uganda. Using a cross-sectional study design we enrolled 363 bacteriologically confirmed adult TB patients, and data on demographics and medical history was collected. Blood samples were tested for malaria blood smear, rapid malaria diagnostic test (RDT), complete blood count, haematological film analysis, HIV serology, and CD4+ and CD8+ cell counts. Malaria was defined as either a positive blood smear or RDT. The study participants were mostly male (...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research
Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. Prevention of systemic infections by use of insect repellent (IR) constitutes one of the most critical aspects of public health efforts. Cost-effectiveness, availability, and high-efficacy against arthropod vectors are the key characteristics of an ideal IR.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Victoria Howell, Tom BashfordAbstractThe range of infectious diseases encountered while working overseas in resource limited settings varies enormously depending on where in the world one is working, although the majority of low and middle income countries lie within the tropics. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), tuberculosis (TB) and malaria are commonly encountered when working in tropical countries and may have an impact upon anaesthesia, either as a direct result of the condition or due to interaction with the ...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study compared the performance of filter papers used for the preparation of dried blood spots (DBS) in detecting Plasmodium by PCR. Whole blood spiked with P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes to obtain samples with various levels of parasitemia were applied to Whatman 3MM Chr papers, FTA Cards, or FTA Elute Cards to prepare the DBS. DNA was purified from the DBS using a DNA purification kit and used as the template for nested PCR. In probit analysis, the estimated limit of detection (LoD) was 5.5 parasites/μL blood for Whatman 3MM Chr papers and FTA Cards and 1.6 parasites/μL blood for the FTA Elute Card. This r...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Authors: Winters A, Iqbal M, Benowitz I, Baumgartner J, Vora NM, Evans L, Link N, Munjal I, Ostrowsky B, Ackelsberg J, Balter S, Dentinger C, Fine AD, Harper S, Landman K, Laraque F, Layton M, Slavinski S, Weiss D, Rakeman JL, Hughes S, Varma JK, Lee EH Abstract During 2014-2016, the largest outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history occurred in West Africa. The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) worked with health care providers to prepare for persons under investigation (PUIs) for EVD in New York City. From July 1, 2014, through December 29, 2015, we classified as a PUI a person w...
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to characterize the overall transcriptome of P. falciparum NF54 derived from a controlled-human malaria infection (CHMI) study. Healthy, immunologically na ïve human volunteers were infected intradermally or intravenously with different dosages of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (Sanaria® PfSPZ Challenge). Parasites were isolated from these volunteers and subjected to a range of in vitro culture generation prior to RNA collection.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Plasmodium falciparum Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 Plasmodium falciparum NF54 Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Plasmodium falciparum infection was significantly found in children in rural areas of Ghana with low socioeconomic status in this study. PMID: 31422995 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Induction of memory CD8+ T cells is important for controlling infections such as malaria and HIV/AIDS and for cancer immunotherapy. Accurate assessment of antigen-specific (Ag-specific) CD8+ T cells is critical for vaccine optimization and for defining correlates of protection. However, conditions for determining Ag-specific CD8+ T cell responses ex vivo using intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) may be variable, especially in humans with complex antigens. Here, we used an attenuated whole parasite malaria vaccine model in humans and various experimental infections in mice to show that the duration of antigenic stimulatio...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this ...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) require treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) when infected with malaria. Dihydroartemisinin –piperaquine (DPQ) is recommended for t...
Source: Malaria Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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