Quitting Smoking While Pregnant: What Works

Nicotine patches, Zyban helped 4 out of 5 women, study says
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ABSTRACT Our aim was to report the unusual case of an anencephalic fetus that was born with the umbilical cord attached to its cephalic pole. The patient was a 16-year-old pregnant woman. Ultrasound evaluation at 17 weeks revealed a single fetus without cranial vault and brain parenchyma, compatible with anencephaly. Postnatal evaluation, through an autopsy, was consistent with this diagnosis. Moreover, it was observed that the umbilical cord was attached to the area cerebrovasculosa and there was the presence of a fibrous tissue, suggestive of an amniotic band. We have found only one similar case described in the literatu...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Congenital retinal macrovessels can be complicated by macular edema. The high levels of hormones during pregnancy can affect the vessels' permeability and make this condition symptomatic through cystoid macular edema development.
Source: Retinal Cases and Brief Reports - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Abstract Objective Frozen section examination is a rapid method for identifying products of conception in endometrial curetting, yet its accuracy is inconclusive. The purposes of this study is to determine the accuracy of frozen section analysis of endometrial curetting in pregnancies of unknown location, and to verify the relation of β -human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) level and endometrial thickness to the assessed accuracy. Methods We reviewed data from January 2009 to December 2014 of diagnostic curettages from women with suspected ectopic pregnancies sent for frozen section examination at a medical center. A f...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusion The CS rate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is higher than the global average rate and than the average rate in Asia, which highlights the need for more education of pregnant women and of their physicians in order to promote vaginal birth. A proper planning is needed to reduce the number of CSs in nulliparous women in order to prevent repeated CSs in the future. Monitoring both CS rates and outcomes is essential to ensure that policies, practices, and actions for the optimization of the utilization of CS lead to improved maternal and infant outcomes.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract Considering that myths and misconceptions regarding natural procreation spread rapidly in the era of easy access to information and to social networks, adequate counseling about natural fertility and spontaneous conception should be encouraged in any kind of health assistance. Despite the fact that there is no strong-powered evidence about any of the aspects related to natural fertility, literature on how to increase the chances of a spontaneous pregnancy is available. In the present article, the Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations (FEBRASGO, in the Portuguese acronym) Committee on Endoc...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are rare benign tumors derived from mesenchymal tissue and composed of varying degrees of adipose tissue, muscle and blood vessels. Renal AMLs (RAMLs) are the result of a sporadic event, and, in most of cases, the diagnosis is usually incidental, but hemorrhage and shock may be present. During pregnancy, the size of AMLs may increase and they may rupture, probably due to the high expression of hormone receptors, and the increase in maternal circulation and abdominal pressure. The authors present a case of a woman with ruptured RAML submitted to urgent endovascular treatment four days after g...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Line Hjort, Boris Novakovic, Louise G Grunnet, Louise Maple-Brown, Peter Damm, Gernot Desoye, Richard SafferySummaryDiabetes in pregnancy is not only associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications and subsequent maternal metabolic disease, but also increases the risk of long-term metabolic disease in the offspring. At the interface between genetic and environmental factors, epigenetic variation established in utero represents a plausible link between the in utero environment and later disease susceptibility. Th...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal (particularly early pregnancy) exposure to maternal stress after a major disaster substantially affects the mental health of Chinese adults.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 31113505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Construction and function of a fusion protein consisting of a single‑chain variable fragment and RBP4. Mol Med Rep. 2019 May 22;: Authors: Li H, Cao G, Lou T, Zhang Z, Liu C Abstract Preeclampsia is one of the complications of pregnancy. Often presenting as new‑onset hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in a previously normotensive patient, it can progress rapidly to serious complications, and is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality. The present study involved the construction of a fusion protein consisting of a single‑chain antibody variable fragment ...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
In conclusion, five cases of type III BS in patients from mainland China were reported. Large deletions were frequently detected, particularly in early‑onset patients; isolated IGF‑1 deficiency was found, one novel sequence variant was identified. Prenatal diagnosis was successfully established using genetic analysis of cultured amniocytes, and may facilitate the prevention of congenital defect of type III BS in the next pregnancy. PMID: 31115572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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