Students seek to reduce deaths from battlefield injuries that block breathing

Undergrad engineers have designed a low-cost, low-tech device to make it easier for combat medics to create an artificial airway and pump air into the lungs of wounded soldiers.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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AbstractSummaryPatients with cystic fibrosis awaiting lung transplantation for end-stage respiratory failure have high prevalence of reduced bone mineral density and fragility fracture. Suboptimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels could significantly contribute to the development of cystic fibrosis-related bone disease.IntroductionThe assessment of the prevalence of cystic fibrosis-related bone disease (CFBD) and its associated risk factors in young adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) awaiting lung transplantation for end-stage respiratory failure.MethodsClinical characteristics, bone mineral density (BMD), the parameters of calcium...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
an MK Abstract RATIONALE: Evidence suggests damage to small airways is a key pathologic lesion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Computed Tomography (CT) densitometry has been demonstrated to identify emphysema, but no such studies have been performed linking an imaging metric to small airway abnormality. OBJECTIVES: To correlate ex vivo Parametric Response Mapping (PRM) analysis to in vivo lung tissue measurements of patients with severe COPD treated by lung transplantation and controls. METHODS: Resected lungs were inflated, frozen, and systematically sampled, generating 33 COPD (n=11 su...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Conditions:   Lung Diseases;   Lung Neoplasm Intervention:   Procedure: Endobronchial Ultrasound Sponsors:   St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton;   NeuralSeg Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Lung Diseases;   Lung Neoplasm Intervention:   Procedure: Endobronchial Ultrasound Sponsor:   St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Lung Transplantation;   Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction;   Rejection Lung Transplant Intervention:   Other: Early detection of CLAD by Lung Clearance Index (LCI) Sponsor:   University of Zurich Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Lung Diseases;   Lung Neoplasm Intervention:   Procedure: Endobronchial Ultrasound Sponsor:   St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Lung Transplantation;   Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction;   Rejection Lung Transplant Intervention:   Other: Early detection of CLAD by Lung Clearance Index (LCI) Sponsor:   University of Zurich Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Lung Diseases;   Lung Neoplasm Intervention:   Procedure: Endobronchial Ultrasound Sponsors:   St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton;   NeuralSeg Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionCLAD, especially RAS, appears to develop later after LDLLT than after CLT and seems to have a lower impact on the overall survival after LDLLT than that after CLT.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The implementation of effective prevention strategies has significantly reduced the incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem transplantation (allo-HSCT)1; nevertheless, this clinical entity persists as a major clinical problem owing to poor survival, despite timely initiation of targeted antiviral therapy.1,2 Currently, diagnosis of CMV pneumonia still remains a challenge. Proven CMV pneumonia can only be diagnosed using virological, histopathological or immunochemistry methods on biopsied lung tissue1; this specimen type, however, is rarely obtained due to potential life-threatening complications.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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