Test −Retest Reliability and Convergent Validity of Three Manual Dexterity Measures in Persons With Chronic Stroke

Decreased manual dexterity is common in persons after stroke. Different measures are used to assess manual dexterity, but a lack of knowledge exists about their reliability and how they are related.
Source: PM and R - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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Background and Purpose: According to previous studies, the mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR) represents a novel marker of a poor short-term prognosis in patients with a myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We aimed to evaluate the association between MPVLR and clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke who were treated with intravenous thrombolysis.Methods: Two hundred forty-one patients with ischemic stroke receiving intravenous thrombolysis were prospectively enrolled in this study. Blood samples for MPVLR were obtained at admission and at 18–2...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The waist-to-height ratio was more closely related to the prevalence of stroke than body mass index, waist circumference, and weight-to-hip ratio among the study participants aged ≥ 40 years.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: High NPR was associated with the increased risk of HT especially PH in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the reviewAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice and is associated with significant morbidity and healthcare cost. Most of the AF studies have predominantly included white population, with under-representation of minority population. In this review, we analyze the racial differences in epidemiology, disease awareness, risk factors, genetics, treatments, and outcomes of AF.Recent findingsAfrican Americans have a higher prevalence of established AF risk factors but lower incidence and prevalence of AF than non-Hispanic whites. There is also a signi...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): I Laffont, J Froger, C Jourdan, K Bakhti, LEH Van Dokkum, A Gouaich, HY Bonnin, P Armingaud, A Jaussent, MC Picot, E Le Bars, A Dupeyron, C Arquizan, A Gelis, D MottetAbstractBackground. Few rehabilitation methods have proven their efficacy in increasing sensori-motor recovery and/or function of the upper limb (UL) after stroke. Video games (VGs) are promising tools in this indication.Objective. To compare UL rehabilitation by using VGs and conventional rehabilitation (CR) in patients with sub-acute stroke.Des...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Fang Wang, Urs MaurerAbstractHow and when top-down information modulates visual-orthographic processing is an essential question in reading research. In a previous study, we showed that task modulation of print-tuning started at around 170 ms after stimulus presentation in the N1 offset of the ERP, while the N1 onset was yet unaffected. Here we test how prior category-level expectation affects visual-orthographic processing. Familiar, left/right-structured Chinese characters and stroke number matched, unfamiliar Korean characters were pr...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Condition:   Stroke Intervention:   Other: Observational study Sponsors:   Parc de Salut Mar;   Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Girona Dr. Josep Trueta Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
What are the current trends and hot topics in neurology? The increasing insights into the genetics and molecular bases of neurological disorders open new perspectives for specific and personalized treatments. This is evidenced most dramatically by the antisense therapy for spinal muscular atrophy. Promising neurological research currently targets neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Duchenne muscular atrophy, or Huntington’s disease. Likewise, brain-machine interfaces and neuroprosthetics offer huge potential. Never before has it been more important and more exc...
Source: BioMed Central Blog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
We report a young man presenting recurrent ischemic strokes with selective finger weakness in whom serial motor cortex mapping procedures were performed.ResultFollowing the first stroke, which largely spared the motor cortex, motor mapping displayed overlap of the motor representations of the hand muscles. The second focal stroke, affecting the lateral part of the hand knob, resulted in selective loss of the first dorsal interosseous muscle motor evoked potentials while sparing those of the adductor digiti minimi muscle. This observation is in apparent contradiction with the first mapping results that suggested complete ov...
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
(University of Southern California) A new nanoparticle innovation that detects unstable calcifications that can trigger heart attacks and strokes may allow doctors to pinpoint when plaque on the walls of blood vessels becomes dangerous.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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