For this headache volume of Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, we sought to expand the topics beyond the usual reviews of common primary headache syndromes. Our goal was to discuss more challenging and difficult topics, as the typical Seminars in Pediatric Neurology reader has both experience in this area, and a fundamental knowledge of common headache disorders. Authors from the Pediatric Section of the American Headache Society were recruited and contributed to this volume. These individuals represent a great deal of headache experience, and are some of the most prolific and insightful writers in the field of pediatric headache.
Conditions: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage; Headache Intervention: Drug: Regional anesthetic SPG block-bilateral Sponsor: Mayo Clinic Not yet recruiting
Authors: Siegel JD, Ko CJ Abstract Diltiazem is a calcium-channel blocker commonly used for the treatment of hypertension. Common adverse effects include dizziness, headache, and edema. Fewer than 20 cases of diltiazem-associated photodistributed hyperpigmentation have been reported in the literature. Here, we present the case of a 71-year-old woman with new-onset facial hyperpigmentation 6 months after initiating treatment with diltiazem. PMID: 32226335 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: RC is reported to be effective in treating a variety of diseases. Current pharmacological studies on RC mainly focus on the nervous, circulatory, digestive, and endocrine systems, as well as drug withdrawal. Although experimental data support the beneficial effects of this drug, its physiological activity remains a concern. Nonetheless, this review provides a foundation for future research. PMID: 32223481 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractPurpose of ReviewEffective acute pain management has evolved considerably in recent years and is a primary area of focus in attempts to defend against the opioid epidemic. Persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) has an incidence of up to 30 –50% and has negative outcome of quality of life and negative burden on individuals, family, and society. The 2016 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) guidelines states that enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) forms an integral part of Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) and is now recomm ended to use a multimodal opioid-sparing approach for management of postoperative...
A Chinese study found that acupuncture reduced the number of headache attacks in migraine sufferers.
To characterize self-reported use of acute prescription medication for migraine in a sample representing the US population.
Abstract Most frequent headaches are typically migraine or tension-type headaches and are often exacerbated by medication overuse. Repeated headaches can induce central sensitization and transformation to chronic headaches that are intractable, are difficult to treat, and cause significant morbidity and costs. A complete history is essential to identify the most likely headache type, indications of serious secondary headaches, and significant comorbidities. A headache diary can document headache frequency, symptoms, initiating and exacerbating conditions, and treatment response over time. Neurologic assessment and...
ConclusionWe concluded that neurogenic inflammation of the facial nerve trunk caused by its proximity to the dilated posterior auricular/stylomastoid/occipital and superficial temporal arteries during a migraine attack leads to a temporary lower motor neuron type of paresis of the muscles supplied by the facial nerve.SignificanceThis pathophysiological understanding of the disease mechanism could open new avenues as to the treatment of this condition. This proposition indicates in clearer light than before, a possible mechanism to explain the higher incidence and risk of facial palsy in migraineurs.
Testicular torsion is a common urologic emergency and one of the causes of genital injury in males. Hence, early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to prevent testicular damage and infertility. It has been proved that topiramate (TPM) a medication used to treat epilepsy and prevent migraines has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the influence of TPM on ischemia/reperfusion injury following testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D). Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 12 for each group) including sham operated, T/D + vehicle, T/D ...
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd on Tuesday won a ruling from a U.S. administrative court that could help it fend off competition from Eli Lilly and Co in the market for migraine drugs.