The Comorbidity of Migraine and Epilepsy in Children and Adolescents

Migraine and epilepsy share a number of clinical attributes, including pathophysiology and clinical expression. Both are paroxysmal in nature and thus constitute episodic disorders, yet either may be chronic and/or recurrent. Epileptic seizures and migraine headaches may be mistaken one for the other and may even overlap. In particular, occipital lobe seizures may be misdiagnosed as migraine auras. In this article, we review the relationship between migraine and epilepsy, including the known genetic contributions to both conditions, prodromal, ictal, and postictal headache and shared pathophysiology and treatment options.
Source: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: RC is reported to be effective in treating a variety of diseases. Current pharmacological studies on RC mainly focus on the nervous, circulatory, digestive, and endocrine systems, as well as drug withdrawal. Although experimental data support the beneficial effects of this drug, its physiological activity remains a concern. Nonetheless, this review provides a foundation for future research. PMID: 32223481 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research
Testicular torsion is a common urologic emergency and one of the causes of genital injury in males. Hence, early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to prevent testicular damage and infertility. It has been proved that topiramate (TPM) a medication used to treat epilepsy and prevent migraines has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the influence of TPM on ischemia/reperfusion injury following testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D). Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n  = 12 for each group) including sham operated, T/D + vehicle, T/D ...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion Memory is an important part of what distinguishes higher order species from others. Memory also is part of one’s self-identity. Difficulties in short-term memory can make common, everyday tasks difficult for the person experiencing the problem particularly if it recently occurred and the person’s long-term memory is intact. Difficulties with long-term memory can also have problems when language, events or even one’s own identity are affected. For some people the memory loss is temporary but for others, memory impairments are permanent and must be accepted and accommodated as part of the overall...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Moyamoya disease is a cerebrovascular disease of unknown origin causing progressive stenosis of the intracranial arteries in the circle of Willis.1,2 Stenoocclusive lesions and the subsequent hemodynamic compromise result in the formation of dilated, fragile collateral vessels at the base of the brain, which are termed moyamoya vessels. The presentation of patients with these lesions varies from asymptomatic to symptoms of headache, epilepsy, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Patients with moyamoya disease sometimes have concomitant extracranial arterial stenosis3; of all the extracranial arteries reported, the most com...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings suggested that NMDAR encephalitis might be associated with clear cell renal carcinoma. When patients present with unexplained seizures, neuropsychiatric disorder, or other brain symptoms, clinicians should be careful with paraneoplastic neurological disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment of primary tumors might show improvement.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Nonepileptic attack disorder (NEAD) and functional movement disorder (FMD) are functional neurological disorders commonly seen in neuropsychiatry services. Although their initial referral pathways involve epileptologists (NEAD) and specialists in movement disorders (FMD), these conditions are currently classified as two possible manifestations of a single underlying conversion disorder. We set out to compare the characteristics of patients with NEAD and patients with FMD in order to quantify the degree of overlap between these patient groups. We retrospectively reviewed comprehensive clinical data from 14...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
We present the case of a candidate for combat diving, who unexpectedly exhibited signs typical of CNS-OT while breathing pure oxygen under normobaric conditions with> 3 kPa inspired CO₂. Severe headache and nausea, as well as facial muscle twitching, appeared during one of these routine tests. Subsequent medical examination including neurological tests, magnetic resonance imaging and an electroencephalogram were unremarkable. To the best of our knowledge, an event such as this has never previously been published in the medical literature. We present a discussion of the case, and a review of the relevant literature reg...
Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Diving Hyperb Med Source Type: research
Conclusion ANT-DBS and VNS may influence epilepsy-associated chronic headache in different ways. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Auffray-Calvier E, Lintia-Gaultier A, Bourcier R, Aguilar Garcia J Abstract Calcifications of the basal ganglia are frequently seen on the cerebral CT scans and particularly in the globus pallidus. Their frequency increases physiologically with age after 50 years old. However, pathological processes can also be associated with calcium deposits in the gray nuclei, posterior fossa or white matter. Unilateral calcification is often related to an acquired origin whereas bilateral ones are mostly linked to an acquired or genetic origin that will be sought after eliminating a perturbation of phosphocalcic m...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is a stigma around migraine in our society, which seems to be more prevalent in patients with certain socio-demographic characteristics, and that is related to stress, mood alterations, and low self-esteem. Trying to reduce stigma could contribute to improve the control of migraine and reduce the impact of the disease at a socio-economic level.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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