Atrial Fibrillation Patients Treated With Long-Term Warfarin Anticoagulation Have Higher Rates of All Dementia Types Compared With Patients Receiving Long-Term Warfarin for Other Indications Cardiovascular Surgery
Background The mechanisms behind the association of atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia are unknown. We previously found a significantly increased risk of dementia in AF patients taking warfarin with a low percentage of time in therapeutic range. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which AF itself increases dementia risk, in addition to long-term anticoagulation exposure. Methods and Results A total of 10 537 patients anticoagulated with warfarin (target INR 2–3), managed by the Clinical Pharmacist Anticoagulation Service with no history of dementia were included. Warfarin indication was for AF (n=4460), thromboembolism (n=5868), and mechanical heart valve(s) (n=209). Patients in the latter 2 categories were included only if they had no prior history of AF. The primary outcome was dementia. Patients with AF were older and had higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, and stroke. AF patients experienced higher rates of total dementia (5.8% versus 1.6%, P
Date: Tuesday, 03 24, 2020; Speaker: Dr. Allison Snyder, NINDS; Dr. Bruce Miller, University of California San Francisco; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Auditorium; CME Credit
CONCLUSIONS: Cancer diagnosis should always be considered in patients with unprovoked thrombosis and, if NSCLC is diagnosed, genetic alterations should be always sought after. A possible relation between venous thromboembolism and oncogenic drivers, particularly for ALK translocations, has been hypothesized. Similarly to ALK-positive NSCLC, ROS1 rearranged disease has been associated with an increased thromboembolic risk. Further studies are needed to better evaluate this relation and to evaluate the potential benefit of a prophylactic anticoagulating treatment in this subset of patients. PMID: 32066344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractAl Absi and colleagues report their early results of the Fontan procedure in 87 consecutive patients between August 2008 and July 2017 in a tertiary care hospital. The use of the intra/extracardiac fenestration is a promising modification because it is unlikely to be occluded by surrounding tissue and may be associated with decreased pleural effusions, length of hospital stay, and incidence of postoperative arrhythmias.
ConclusionsIn experienced centers, Ross procedure is a reliable alternative to prosthetic or homograft valve replacement in young adults suffering from active aortic valve endocarditis, with a low operative risk and good long-term results.
CONCLUSION: Prospective study of ECG screening is needed to determine the impact on cardiovascular outcomes in U.S. military populations. PMID: 32065233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated levels of sdLDL-C were associated with a higher prevalence of AIS, especially in non-cardioembolic stroke subtypes. After adjustment for other risk factors, sdLDL-C was found to be an independent risk factor for AIS. Also, sdLDL-C level was strongly associated with AIS severity and poor functional outcomes. Logistic regression models for AIS risk and prognosis prediction were established to help clinicians provide better prevention for high-risk subjects and monitor their prognosis. PMID: 32062644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Limited evidence suggests the CAC score is associated with risk of dementia. In clinical CAD, risk of MCI and dementia is increased by 50%, as supported by stronger evidence. PMID: 32062643 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: We found that the outcomes of MT for patients with PCO were poorer than with ACO. On the other hand, MT appears to have lower rates of sICH and to increase successful recanalization. Given the high recanalization rate, MT may serve as an adjunct to standard treatment. The key point to improve outcomes is recognizing reliable factors associated with futile recanalization and optimizing the results of MT. But in view of the different characteristics of posterior circulation stroke and anterior circulation stroke, the results are far from robust. PMID: 32062629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to evaluate SPINK1's prognostic value and its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progress.Methods: We use tissue micro-arrays containing 273 tumor and paired para-tumor tissues to evaluate SPINK1's prognostic value in HCC. CCK8 cell proliferation assay, wound healing assays, transwell migration and invasion assays were performed to explore the effect of SPINIK1 on HCC cells. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) were used to verify the prognosis value of SPINK1 in HCC and explore the underlying mechanisms.Results: SPINK1 expression was significantly higher in t...
Authors: Jiang Q, Wang Z, Guo J, Yu T, Zhang X, Hu S Abstract Objectives: We investigated whether the totally video-assisted thoracoscopic mitral valve surgery provides superior clinical outcomes and less inflammatory injury reaction compared with conventional sternotomy.Methods: A total of 504 consecutive patients admitted for mitral valve surgery from May 2014 through May 2019 in a single center were retrospectively analyzed according to two distinct procedure approach: the totally video-assisted thoracoscopic approach (group A, n = 127) and standard median sternotomy (group B, n = 377...
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