Analgesia and Sedation Protocol for Mechanically Ventilated Postsurgical Children Reduces Benzodiazepines and Withdrawal Symptoms —But Not in All Patients

Eur J Pediatr SurgDOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1586202 Background We demonstrated recently that the implementation of a nurse-driven analgesia and sedation protocol (pediatric analgesia and sedation protocol [pASP]) for mechanically ventilated nonpostsurgical patients reduces the total dose of benzodiazepines and the withdrawal symptoms significantly. It has not been investigated if these results can also be expected in the group of patients undergoing surgery. Objectives To evaluate the effects of the pASP in mechanically ventilated postsurgical children regarding drug dosage, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of stay, and rate of withdrawal symptoms. Methods This is a two-phase prospective observational control study. The preimplementation group was managed by the physician's order and the postimplementation group was managed with the pASP including COMFORT-B, nurse interpretation of sedation, and Sophia observation withdrawal symptoms scale scoring. Measurements and Main Results One hundred and sixteen patients were included before and one hundred and ten patients after implementation. The pASP had no effect on length of pediatric intensive care unit stay or duration of mechanical ventilation. The protocol reduced total (5.0 mg/kg [0.5–58.0] vs 4.0 mg/kg [0.0–47.0]; p = 0.021) and daily doses (4.4 mg/kg/d [1.1–33.9] vs 2.9 mg/kg/d [0.0–9.9]; p 
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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