Effects of Reductions in Body Mass Index on the Future Osteoarthritis Burden in Canada: A Population ‐Based Microsimulation Study

ConclusionDue to the aging of the population, OA will remain a major and growing health issue in Canada over the next 2 decades, regardless of the course of the obesity epidemic.
Source: Arthritis Care and Research - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Osteoarthritis Source Type: research

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Abstract The main objective of this study was to identify the association between combined effect of physical activity, reduction of screen time and overweight in adolescents. The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 613 adolescents, aged 15-18 years living in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. Physical activity was measured using the short-version IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), and screen time was verified through two questions about the time that, on average, interviewees watched television, played video games, used the cell phone or computer on a normal weekday and one weekend day...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to correlate anthropometric, BIA and DXA parameters among obese Brazilian adults with focus on the comparison with visceral adipose tissue (VAT) obtained from DXA and in the value of antropometric measurements. Fifty voluntary participants were enrolled. The Spearman correlation test was used to assess the correlation of VAT with anthropometric measurements, BIA and other DXA parameters. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate concordance between lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM), %body fat (%BF) and %upper body fat (%UBF) obtained from BIA and DXA. Most were female (8...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
This article aimed to systematically review the association between socioeconomic status according to the life course models and the body mass index (BMI) in adults. A review was performed following the guidelines of the PRISMA. The studies were identified in the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science databases. The eligible articles investigated the association between at least one life course model (risk accumulation, critical period or social mobility) and BMI. In order to assess the quality of the selected articles, the NOS checklist was applied to each study. Eleven articles were selected for the systematic review,...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess anti-inflammatory properties and tissue differentiation potential. We prepared a rat shoulder arthritis model by injecting monoiodoacetate (MIA) into the shoulder and investigated the intraarticular administration of MSCs from the aspects of the cartilage protective effect associated with the cell ’s anti-inflammatory activity and inhibition of the central sensitization of pain. When MIA was administered in this model, anti-calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) was expressed in the shoulder joint and C5 spinal dorsal horn.
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Bariatric surgery when combined with dietary and exercise changes gave significant results in terms of weight loss, knee pain and function. It is an approach that tackles both obesity and OA. It is a major step forward in stemming the global epidemic of these two interlinked conditions.
Source: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionMore than half of all persons with symptomatic knee OA are younger than 65 years of age. As many of these younger persons will live for 3 decades or more, there is substantially more time for greater disability to occur, and policymakers should anticipate health care utilization for knee OA to increase in the upcoming decades. These data emphasize the need for the deployment of innovative prevention and treatment strategies for knee OA, especially among younger persons.
Source: Arthritis Care and Research - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Over half of all persons with symptomatic knee OA are younger than 65 years of age. As many of these younger persons will live for three decades or more, there is substantially more time for greater disability to occur and policymakers should anticipate healthcare utilization for knee OA to increase further in upcoming decades. These data emphasize the need for the deployment of innovative prevention and treatment strategies for knee OA, especially among younger persons. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis Care and Research - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
NHS data has shown that the number of hip replacement operations on people aged under 60 has risen 76% in the last decade. More and more people under the age of 60 are turning to hip replacement surgery as a remedy for chronic hip pain, according to new NHS data. The Royal College of Surgeons has analysed statistics released by the Health &Social Care Information Centre showing that hip replacements are becoming more common among younger patients, which is indicative of growing confidence in this type of treatment. The growing demand for hip replacements According to the data, there were 89,919 hip replacement operatio...
Source: Arthritis Research UK - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: news
Conclusions. Due to the aging of the population, OA will remain a major and growing health issue in Canada over the next two decades, regardless of the course of the obesity epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis Care and Research - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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