Chanarin –Dorfman syndrome: A case report and review of the literature

Publication date: September–December 2015 Source:Arab Journal of Gastroenterology, Volume 16, Issues 3–4 Author(s): Engy A. Mogahed, Ahmed El-Hennawy, Rokaya El-Sayed, Hanaa El-Karaksy Chanarin–Dorfman syndrome, a “neutral lipid storage disease with ichthyosis,” is a multisystem inherited metabolic disorder associated with congenital ichthyosis and accumulation of lipid droplets in various types of cells. Case report A 3-year-old male presented to the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Children’s Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, with accidentally discovered hepatomegaly. He had generalised ichthyosis with dark skin pigmentation and bilateral ectropion. Abdominal examination revealed generalised abdominal distention with firm nontender hepatomegaly. His liver functions were deranged. Blood film showed many vacuolated neutrophils. Serum triglyceride and creatine kinase levels were elevated. Abdominal ultrasound showed a moderately enlarged liver with a bright echo pattern. Liver biopsy revealed marked diffuse macrovesicular fatty changes. The diagnosis of Chanarin–Dorfman Syndrome was made based on the dermatological, haematological, and liver biopsy findings.
Source: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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