Clinical epidemiology and treatment findings of acute tuberculosis patients in Babol City (2009 –2013)

Conclusions Education and giving information to general population about the most important clinical symptoms of tuberculosis such as fever and cough might be effective in early detection and prevention of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Then treatment might be effective in decreasing the burden of the disease.
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Delayed sputum smear and culture conversion occurred in about 1/3 of patients. Diabetes, smoking, hemoptysis and smear grade are predictive factors of delayed sputum smear and culture conversion. These patients need special healthcare.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Smoking and tuberculosis (TB) represent two major health issues particularly in developing countries. Tobacco consumption increases risk of Mycobaterium tuberculosis infection among immunocompetent.Methods: A retrospective case control study carried out in the pulmonary department of military hospital of Tunis : 173 patients treated for TB were enrolled, subdivided in tow groups (G) : G1 : 106 smokers (61.3%), G2 : 67 non smokers (38.7%) . All possible data was collected.Aims: To compare the clinical course and radiological aspects of pulmonary TB between smokers and non smokers.Results: The mean age was 43 years [18 -93 y...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, smoking control and health educ. Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: The percentage of RS in the Ministry of Health's health facilities in Lima was less than the expected 5%, ranging from 0.8% in Callao to 1.5% in Lima City. The percentage of tuberculosis among coughers (lasting 7-14 days) and RS is consistent with the findings of other local studies. Consideration should be given to lowering the RS target to less than 5% and expanding tuberculosis screening to patients with cough ≥7 days at the Health Divisions with high tuberculosis incidence. PMID: 31460631 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
We reported a case of 10-year-old boy with ulcers in the cervical and axillary region. The lesion began as papules, which gradually developed into nodules and pustules. Chronic cough was also found, however chest x ray was normal and sputum direct smear for acid fast bacil was negative. Histopathologic finding of tissue biopsy revealed epidermal necrosis in the central part surrounded by granulomatous tissue forming an abscess and histiocyte infiltrates, confirming the diagnosis of scrofuloderma. CT Scan of neck showed multiple enlarged lymph nodes, and FNAB result was suggestive for tuberculous lymphadenitis. Patient was ...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, the prevalence of smear-positive tuberculosis was found to be higher than that in other community-based studies in the country. Therefore, health education, targeted screening of pregnant women for TB, and collaboration of TB-HIV clinic with antenatal care clinic should be implemented in the area. Further research should also be conducted for better understanding of the magnitude of tuberculosis in females of reproductive age. PMID: 30944569 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsCough- and sputum-related QOL was impaired in patients with pulmonary TB before treatment but improved after initiation of treatment regardless of the clinical characteristics.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Our patient is a 67-year-old male with a past medical history significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia came to a hospital with hemoptysis. He was also having cough and shortness of breath for the last 1 month. He said that his hemoptysis was about 1 cup per day mixed with yellowish sputum. He noticed around 20 pounds of weight loss in the last 1 month. He also complained of night sweats but had no fever. He had no history of travel outside the USA. He has never been incarcerated before, but he endorsed that his son has been to Jail before and he visited him twice a year in patient's home. But he al...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Yonas Raru, Mahmoud Abouzid, Fuad Zeid, Samson TekaAbstractOur patient is a 67-year-old male with a past medical history significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia came to a hospital with hemoptysis. He was also having cough and shortness of breath for the last 1 month. He said that his hemoptysis was about 1 cup per day mixed with yellowish sputum. He noticed around 20 pounds of weight loss in the last 1 month. He also complained of night sweats but had no fever. He had no history of travel outside the USA. He has ne...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis is a common sequela in a high burden TB country and coexistent CPA may arise and should be considered, especially in smear negative patients suspected for TB reactivation.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
Conclusion: The project addressed the requirement to submit optimal number of sample request for good quality of diagnosis and it has led hospital IT system to automatically include 3 sputum sample requests for investigation of respiratory TB including access from GP.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
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