Si –Ge–Sn alloys: From growth to applications

Publication date: March 2016 Source:Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials, Volume 62, Issue 1 Author(s): S. Wirths, D. Buca, S. Mantl In this review article, we address key material parameters as well as the fabrication and application of crystalline GeSn binary and SiGeSn ternary alloys. Here, the transition from an indirect to a fundamental direct bandgap material will be discussed. The main emphasis, however, is put on the Si–Ge–Sn epitaxy. The low solid solubility of α-Sn in Ge and Si of below 1 at.% along with the large lattice mismatch between α-Sn (6.489 Å) and Ge (5.646 Å) or Si (5.431 Å) of about 15% and 20%, respectively, requires non-equilibrium growth processes. The most commonly used approaches, i.e. molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD), will be reviewed in terms of crucial process parameters, structural as well as optical quality and employed precursor combinations including Germanium hydrides, Silicon hydrides and a variety of Sn compounds like SnD4, SnCl4 or C6H5SnD3. Special attention is devoted to the growth temperature window and growth rates being the most important growth parameters concerning the substitutional incorporation of Sn atoms into the Ge diamond lattice. Furthermore, the mainly CVD-driven epitaxy of high quality SiGeSn ternary alloys, allowing the decoupling of band engineering and lattice constant, is presented. Since achievi...
Source: Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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