Understanding the theoretical underpinning of the exercise component in a fall prevention programme for older adults with mild dementia: a realist review protocol

The objectives of this realist review are (i) to identify the underlying programme theory of strength and balance exercise interventions targeted at those individuals that have been identified as falling and who have a mild dementia and (ii) to explore how and why that intervention reduces falls in that population, particularly in the context of a community setting. This protocol will explain the rationale for using a realist review approach and outline the method. Methods A realist review is a methodology that extends the scope of a traditional narrative or systematic evidence review. Increasingly used in the evaluation of complex interventions, a realist enquiry can look at the wider context of the intervention, seeking more to explain than judge if the intervention is effective by investigating why, what the underlying mechanism is and the necessary conditions for success. In this review, key rough programme theories were articulated and defined through discussion with a stakeholder group. The six rough programme theories outlined within this protocol will be tested against the literature found using the described comprehensive search strategy. The process of data extraction, appraisal and synthesis is outlined and will lead to the production of an explanatory programme theory. Discussion As far as the authors are aware, this is the first realist literature review within fall prevention...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Many patients with cognitive impairment have anxiety or depression, but standard treatments are difficult for people with memory issues.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: your-feed-science Mental Health and Disorders Depression (Mental) Alzheimer ' s Disease Memory Dementia Psychology and Psychologists Elderly Weill Cornell Medicine your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: This study did not support an association between statin use and diagnostic conversion but suggested a possible association between statin use and cognitive change in EMCI. Additional randomized clinical trials of statins may be warranted in the prodromal EMCI stage of AD. PMID: 31806426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Reuben DB PMID: 31806425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Purpose Based on the possibility that early-phase florbetaben (E-FBB) brain PET can be a surrogate for brain perfusion imaging, we conducted this study to investigate the clinical utility of E-FBB PET instead of 18F-FDG brain PET. Materials and Methods This prospective study included 35 patients with clinical suspicion of cognitive decline or dementia and 5 healthy controls. Brain MRI, E-FBB PET, late-phase FBB PET, and FDG PET were acquired. The regional SUV ratios (SUVRs) were calculated by cortical surface region of interest analysis using individual MRI, and relationship between E-FBB and FDG PET was analyzed. All...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Mice with dementia who were given the drug halved their brain age. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Dementia subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
EARLY PREDICTION OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE DEMENTIA BASED ON BASELINE HIPPOCAMPAL MRI AND 1-YEAR FOLLOW-UP COGNITIVE MEASURES USING DEEP RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORKS. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging. 2019 Apr;2019:368-371 Authors: Li H, Fan Y, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Abstract Multi-modal biological, imaging, and neuropsychological markers have demonstrated promising performance for distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients from cognitively normal elders. However, it remains difficult to early predict when and which mild cognitive impairment (MCI) individuals will convert to...
Source: Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging Source Type: research
This study explored the impact of the Mason Music &Memory Initiative (M3I), a web-based, micro-learning training for direct care workers, combined with the implementation of the Music &Memory intervention. The training provided a foundational understanding of dementia and the person-centered music intervention. Twenty-five direct care workers, across two long-term care communities, completed the training modules over four weeks. All participants completed a pre- and posttest, determining their knowledge and understanding of dementia and the Music &Memory intervention adopted by their facilities. Many workers fo...
Source: Gerontology and Geriatrics Education - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Gerontol Geriatr Educ Source Type: research
Family carers of people with dementia face different challenges in providing care for daily living activities of their care recipients. Today, mHealth applications are widely used in healthcare.
Source: Collegian - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Once dementia is part of the family, it will be part of the holidays. The person with dementia will have good days and bad days and will change as the disease progresses. One thing we can count on, though, is that a loved one with dementia will need special consideration. How does a caregiver realistically cope with the holidays? View the complete slideshow on HealthCentral for tips on how to make this holiday work for your family: Support a caregiver or jump-start discussion in support groups with real stories - for bulk orders of Minding Our Elders e-mail Carol          ...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
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