DATA SIMPLIFICATION: Abbreviations and Acronyms

Over the next few weeks, I will be writing on topics related to my latest book, Data Simplification: Taming Information With Open Source Tools (release date March 17, 2016). I hope I can convince you that this is a book worth reading. Blog readers can use the discount code: COMP315 for a 30% discount, at checkout."A synonym is a word you use when you can't spell the other one." -Baltasar GracianPeople confuse shortening with simplifying; a terrible mistake. In point of fact, next to reifying pronouns, abbreviations are the most vexing cause of complex and meaningless language. Before we tackle the complexities of abbreviations, let's define our terms. An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or term. An acronym is a an abbreviation composed of letters extracted from the words composing a multi-word term. There are two major types of abbreviations: universal/permanent and local/ephemeral. The universal/permanent abbreviations are recognized everywhere and have been used for decades (e.g., USA, DNA, UK). Some of the universal/permanent abbreviations, ascend to the status of words whose long-forms have been abandoned. For example, we use laser as a word. Few who use the term know that "laser" is an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation". Local/ephemeral abbreviations are created for terms that are repeated within a particular document or a particular class of documents. Synonyms and plesionyms (i.e., near-synonyms...
Source: Specified Life - Category: Information Technology Tags: abbreviations acronyms complexity computer science data analysis data repurposing data simplification simplifying data Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionsOur study found that the decision-making process in ESRD is multifactorial and involves not only medical factors, but also assessment of social factors, quality of life, and patient/family preference. Bettering our understanding of this decision-making process will positively impact patients and families through more informed decision-making.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe 20-year follow-up analysis of pediatric renal care services in European countries revealed that pediatric nephrology has become a well-established subspecialty in pediatrics and nephrology in 2017. The ESPN will continue its efforts to further improve pediatric renal care for European children by harmonizing remaining disparities of renal care services.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundBecause of the severe shortage of suitable deceased donors, ABO-incompatible living donor kidney transplantation (ABOi LDKT) is performed even in pediatric recipients in Japan. We performed pediatric ABOi LDKT using rituximab without anti-A/B antibody removal.MethodsThirteen pediatric recipients (mean age 7.4, range 3.4 –15.7, four females) whose baseline anti-A/B IgG titers were ≤ × 64 underwent ABOi LDKT without antibody removal and splenectomy between July 2013 and April 2017 at Toho University. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was initiated on day − 10. Rituximab (...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionCommon Iliac Artery Aneurysms should be considered a differential diagnosis of lower abdominal mass. If presenting in this manner the aneurysm can be of significant size and at high risk of rupture, requiring urgent surgical intervention.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Functional FoodsAuthor(s): Rosa Anna Milella, Marica Gasparro, Fiammetta Alagna, Maria Francesca Cardone, Silvia Rotunno, Concetta Tiziana Ammollo, Fabrizio Semeraro, Apollonia Tullo, Flaviana Marzano, Domenico Catalano, Donato Antonacci, Mario Colucci, Domenica D'EliaAbstractUsing a transcriptomic approach, we performed a pilot study in healthy subjects to evaluate the changes in gene expression induced by grape consumption. Blood from twenty subjects was collected at baseline (T0), after 21 days of grape-rich diet (T1) and after one-month washout (...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
A man who was born without testicles got a transplanted one from his identical twin brother during a six-hour operation performed early last week in Belgrade, Serbia, by an international team of surgeons.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conditions:   Acute Myeloid Leukemia;   Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia;   Biphenotypic Acute Leukemia;   Undifferentiated Leukemia;   Prolymphocytic Leukemia;   Myelodysplastic Syndromes;   Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia;   Myeloproliferative Neoplasm;   Relapsed Large Cell Lymphoma;   Man tle Cell Lymphoma;   Hodgkin Lymphoma;   Burkitt Lymphoma;   Relapsed T-Cell Lymphoma;   Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia;   Relapsed Smal...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal;   Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracoabdominal;   Acute Renal Failure;   Acute Kidney Injury;   Acute Kidney Failure;   Acute Renal Insufficiency Intervention:   Device: Medyria TrackCath System Sponsors:   Medyria AG;   StatConsult Gesellschaft für klinische und Versorgungsforschung mbH;   Axxos GmbH;   Worldwide Clinical Trials;   Medical Mind RCS GmbH Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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