Adding mindfulness to the PTSD therapist’s toolkit

—– Soldiers who return home in casts and caskets are not the only ones struck down by the trauma of war. Many young military men and women carry emotional wounds far beyond the battlefield in the form of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This psychologically crippling condition cannot be treated with bandages or surgery, and often lasts for years on end. But new research has now demonstrated that mindfulness—a non-judgmental awareness of our thoughts and feelings—might be a useful tool for veterans battling PTSD. Rather than being stuck in disturbing memories and negative thoughts, they can use mindfulness to actively shift their attention out of ruminations and produce lasting changes in the brain. The Need “PTSD is really a different way of seeing the world, and is also seen at the level of physiology,” says Tony King, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan. “But by going through a couple of months of making an effort to change thoughts and behaviors, that physiological syndrome can also change back again.” Historically, the most effective treatment for PTSD has been trauma-focused therapy, which pushes individuals to directly confront their disturbing memories and recognize that they are no longer dangerous. This approach, however, can be extremely challenging, and some patients are unable to endure it. “We wanted to have a Plan B—a therapy that could be available for people who th...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness behavior-therapy brain brain-activity exposure therapy meditation mindfulness post-traumatic-stress-disorder psychological Psychology PTSD Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Ludwikowska-Świeboda K, Lachowska B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the following study was to verify the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Inventory of Complicated Grief. METHODS: 278 people who experienced loss of a close relative or a friend participated in the research on adaptation of the tool. The following research methods were applied: ICG (Inventory of Complicated Grief), BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), IES-R (Impact of Events Scale-Revised), AHS (Adult Hope Scale), LOT-R (Life Orientation Test-Revised), GSES (General Self-Efficacy...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Discussion IF YOU ARE IN A CRISIS SITUATION AND NEED HELP, call 1(800) 273-TALK(8255) there IS someone there who can help you, En Espanol 1-888-628-9454, or Text “HOME” to 741-741. Other resources are available at http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as the intentional, self-inflicted damage to the surface of the body without suicidal intention, which is not socially sanctioned[,]” such as piercing or tattooing. Examples of NSSI include self-cutting (70-97%), hitting (21-44%), burning (15-35%), scratching, banging, scraping or carving. The prevalence is in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
This week’s Psychology Around the Net explores how anxiety looks in children, how managers can work with employees dealing with depression, why young girls are struggling more with mental health issues than their male counterparts, a new bill that would make mental health a priority for first responders, and more.     Anxiety is Different for Kids: Do you have a child who struggles with anxiety? Would you even recognize it? According to the author, anxiety disorders in children can manifest in a variety of ways, and kids typically don’t display symptoms in the same way that adults do. Michigan-based ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Children and Teens Depression Disorders General Mental Health and Wellness Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Students Trauma Childhood Anxiety Childhood Trauma First Responders girls' mental health Source Type: blogs
In this study, we used probabilistic tractography to examine BNST-insula structural connectivity in humans. We used two methods of dividing the insula: 1) anterior and posterior insula, to be consistent with much of the existing insula literature; and 2) eight subregions that represent informative cytoarchitectural divisions. We found evidence of a BNST-insula structural connection in humans, with the strongest BNST connectivity localized to the anteroventral insula, a region of agranular cortex. BNST-insula connectivity differed by hemisphere and was moderated by sex. These results translate rodent findings to humans and ...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Petrowski K, Wichmann S, Pyrc J, Steudte-Schmiedgen S, Kirschbaum C Abstract The role of cortisol as a premorbid vulnerability factor for trauma sequelae remains unclear. Furthermore, the onset of long-term endocrine changes in response to first time trauma as a function of later psychopathology is not clarified yet. Thus the predictive value of pre- and post-traumatic hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) for psychological trauma sequelae was investigated in response to motor vehicle crash (MVC).A total of N = 62 MVC survivors participated in this study [46 females, mean age (SD): 43.94(12.95)]...
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
Conclusions: Offering opportunities such as family care rituals for family members to be involved with providing care for family members in the ICU was associated with reduced symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. This intervention may lessen the burden of stress-related symptoms in family members of ICU patients.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
It’s completely normal to feel anxious in social situations. Be it giving a speech or talking on the phone, social anxiety affects a surprisingly large percentage of the population. However, when one experiences considerable distress and an impaired ability to function in parts of their daily life, it is likely they will be diagnosed as social anxiety disorder.1 Many people with social anxiety disorder do not know that they have it. They may recognize that there is something “wrong,” but do not know what it is or what to do about it. This is where mindfulness can help. By being mindful, aware of the prese...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Mindfulness Jon Kabat Zinn Meditation secular mindfulness Social Anxiety Source Type: blogs
BOSTON (CBS) – It’s estimated that one in four pregnancies ends in miscarriage, and a new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology finds that many of those women suffer long-term psychological distress. Researchers in London and Belgium looked at more than 650 women who had experienced early loss, either from miscarriage before 12 weeks or from an ectopic pregnancy, where the embryo grows outside of the uterus. One month later, they found that almost a third of women suffered post-traumatic stress, one in four experienced moderate-to-severe anxiety and about 10-percent had moderate-t...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall Miscarriage Source Type: news
A study by Imperial College London fround 18 per cent of women said nine months after the loss they still relive it through nightmares and are plagued with anxiety, depression and guilt.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Around one in six women who experience early pregnancy loss have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety or depression nine months later
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
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