Obesity Is Not Like Being "Addicted to Food"
Credit: Image courtesy of Aalto UniversityIs it possible to be “addicted” to food, much like an addiction to substances (e.g., alcohol, cocaine, opiates) or behaviors (gambling, shopping, Facebook)? An extensive and growing literature uses this terminology in the context of the “obesity epidemic”, and looks for the root genetic and neurobiological causes (Carlier et al., 2015; Volkow &Bailer, 2015).Fig. 1 (Meule, 2015). Number of scientific publications on food addiction (1990-2014). Web of Science search term “food addiction”. Figure 1 might lead you to believe that the term “food addiction” was invented in the late 2000s by NIDA. But this term is not new at all, as Adrian Meule (2015) explained in his historical overview, Back by Popular Demand: A Narrative Review on the History of Food Addiction Research. Dr. Theron G. Randolph wrote about food addiction in 1956 (he also wrote about food allergies).Fig. 2 (Meule, 2015). History of food addiction research.Thus, the concept of food addiction predates the documented rise in obesity in the US, which really took off in the late 80s to late 90s (as shown below).1 Prevalence of Obesity in the United States, 1960-2012 1960-62 1971-74 1976-80 1988-89 1999-2000 12.80% 14.10% 14.50% 22.50% 30.50% 2007-08 2011-12 33.80% 34.90% Sources: Flegal et al. 1998, 2002, 2010; Ogden et al. 2014One problem with the “food addiction” construct...
Conclusions: Keeping a dog at home before and during pregnancy decreased the risk of food allergy in 1-year-old children. This effect was eliminated in case of having a cat, hamster, guinea pig, or rabbit. PMID: 32489363 [PubMed]
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Diego Moriconi, Stefano Masi, Eleni Rebelos, Agostino Virdis, Maria Laura Manca, Salvatore De Marco, Stefano Taddei, Monica Nannipieri
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the high incidence of the anatomical variants of the paranasal sinuses, aCT scan is recommended in all patients before a planned surgery in order to avoid the potential iatrogenic complications. Dimensions of the sphenoid sinuses might point towards more at risk variants, but there is still a substantial amount of research that needs to be done in that aspect. PMID: 32488857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: There is a lack of convincing evidence to suggest that true inter-individual response differences exist with respect to aerobic exercise training and changes in fat mass and percent body fat in overweight and obese children and adolescents. PMID: 32486838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Child and family characteristics more strongly predicted initial engagement with a PWMC than completion. Future research should examine how targeting these predictors (e.g., referring at younger age) can improve PWMC engagement. PMID: 32484761 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: This study shows that BMI status may not be associated with childhood asthma control. Given the inconsistency in current evidence, more studies are needed in the future to investigate this association. PMID: 32484760 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The results of this experiment suggest the possibility of swimming exercise in urological diseases that are difficult to treat. Swimming exercises can be considered for relief of symptom in incurable multiple sclerosis. PMID: 32482056 [PubMed]
This study was done to study the anthropometry of nonarthritic Asian knees; to determine the differences in morphology between knees of different ethnicities and to compare the knee anthropometry values with sizes of available knee implants. Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging scans of 100 nonarthritic Indian knees were analyzed. Anteroposterior (AP) length, mediolateral (ML) length, and aspect ratio of the distal femur and proximal tibia, patellar length, and patellar tendon length were measured. These values were compared with values of other ethnicities from literature. The values were also compared with sizes of av...
Authors: Hernandez A, Nuñez JH, Sallent A, Gargallo-Margarit A, Gallardo-Calero I, Barro V Abstract Backgroud: Untreated osteonecrosis of the femoral head ultimately leads to secondary coxarthrosis. The aim of this study was to determinate if the core decompression of the femoral head combined with implantation of autologous bone marrow concentrate with tricalcium phosphate could be used to prevent radiographic progression of early stage osteonecrosis of the hip. We also sought to determine whether this treatment improved clinical outcomes and reduced the need for total hip arthroplasty. Methods: Eightee...
We present a case of severe vitD deficiency-osteomalacia after gastric bypass operation for morbid obesity, treated with ergocalciferol intramuscularly. A 45-year-old woman was presented with hip pain and muscle weakness, which led ultimately to immobilization in a wheelchair. Fifteen years ago, she underwent roux-en-Y gastric by-pass for morbid obesity. Occasionally, she was treated with multivitamin supplements. On admission, iron deficiency anaemia, vitD deficiency (25OHD: 3.7 ng/ml) and secondary hyperparathyroidism were revealed. Bone turnover markers (BTM) were elevated. Radiological evaluation demonstrated insuffici...
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