Identifying characteristic back shapes from anatomical scans of wheelchair users to improve seating design

Due to aging populations and the increased prevalence of disability, experts anticipate that the need for wheelchairs worldwide will surge [1,2]. Consumer demand for wheelchairs that fit the personal needs, physical abilities, and functional requirements of current and expected wheelchair occupants has led to the application of sitting biomechanics and ergonomic design to the development of wheelchair components [3]. Preserving health by preventing secondary medical conditions (e.g., repetitive strain injury, pressure wounds, scoliosis) while improving mobility is a primary consideration of healthcare professionals, rehabilitation engineers and assistive technology providers who prescribe and fit wheelchairs for clients with spinal cord injuries [4–6].
Source: Medical Engineering and Physics - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Immunohistochemistry seems to be a promising option not only in clinical recognition, but also in the selection and monitoring of treatment effects. However, these methods have not yet recommended for routine clinical use. PMID: 33032462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Subcortical gray-matter structures are involved in the neurodegenerative process of ALS before cognitive impairment becomes evident. PMID: 33029965 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Paramagnetic rims might be a characteristic MRI finding for MS, and therefore they have potential as an imaging marker for differentially diagnosing MS from NMOSD using 3-T MRI. PMID: 33029961 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion: It appears that the knee OA pain and disability can be decreased after a dual-frequency LLLT applied to acupoints (SP9, SP10, and EX-LE2). The clinical efficacy of LLLT is highly related to the therapeutic settings of the laser apparatus; hence, more clinical trials with diffident parameter settings are needed to be further clarified. PMID: 33029170 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
From 5G to a fancy scanner
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Frailty and falls are the main causes of morbidity and disability in elderly people. The Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) test has been proposed as an appropriate method for evaluating elderly individuals' risk of falling. To analyze the TUG's potential for falls pre...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Falls in later life that require admission to hospital have well-established consequences for future disability and health. The likelihood and severity of a fall will result from the presence of one or more risk factors. The aim of this study i...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Publication date: November 2020Source: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 71Author(s): Angelle Cook
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Background: Controversy exists regarding the need for proximal fibular epiphysiodesis in conjunction with proximal tibial epiphysiodesis to prevent relative overgrowth of the fibula. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of relative fibular overgrowth in patients who had undergone proximal tibial epiphysiodesis with or without proximal fibular epiphysiodesis to manage leg-length discrepancy. Methods: We identified patients who had undergone proximal tibial epiphysiodesis, with or without concomitant fibular epiphysiodesis, followed to skeletal maturity, and with adequate scanograms to measure tibial...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Leg Length Discrepancy Source Type: research
Conclusions: Intra-articular distal radius fractures in skeletally immature patients have a considerably higher rate of physeal growth arrest than extra-articular physeal fractures. Following acute management aimed at restoring and preserving anatomic physeal and articular alignment, follow-up radiographs should be obtained to evaluate for physeal arrest in skeletally immature children. Patients and families should be counseled regarding the high rate of growth disturbance and the potential need for deformity correction in the future, particularly in younger children. Level of Evidence: IV—case series.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Upper Extremity Source Type: research
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