AHA Guidelines on dental prophylaxis

First off, sorry about posting this in allopathic. I just need some help understanding the AHA guideline on dental prophylaxis for infective endocarditis. It says prophy is indicated for unrepaired cyanotic congenital heart disease. What exactly is unrepaired cyanotic heart disease? I thought cyanosis was pretty serious and would present in infants. Can infants with this survive onto adulthood and have unrepaired cyanotic heart disease? Also, I read online that heart murmurs can be caused... AHA Guidelines on dental prophylaxis
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in children with structurally normal hearts suspected of having infective endocarditis (IE). We hypothesized that the diagnostic yield of TTE is minimal in low-risk patients with normal hearts. We performed a retrospective chart review of TTEs performed for concern for endocarditis at a pediatric tertiary care referral center in Portland, Oregon. Three hundred patients met inclusion criteria (
Source: Mammalian Genome - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: Parental knowledge was limited and fragmented. Further attention is required when transmitting information to parents, focusing on prevention strategies in order to guarantee the integral health of these children and adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento sobre higiene bucal, endocardite infecciosa, e profilaxia antibi ótica dos pais de crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatia congênita assistidas no Hospital Ana Nery, Salvador, Bahia. Métodos: Estudo transversal envolvendo 43 responsáveis de crianças e adolescentes de 2 a 16 anos, realizado através da...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
A new blood filtration technology may prove to be life-saving for patients whose normally healthy inflammatory response to injury or illness has gone into overdrive, resulting in fatally high levels of cytokines in their blood. In an interview with MD+DI, Dr. Phillip Chan, MD, PhD, CEO of CytoSorbents Corp., explained that inflammation, and the production of substances called cytokines that drive inflammation, are the body’s natural response to heal injury or infection. But sometimes, the inflammatory response is so severe in such conditions as sepsis and infection, burn injuries, trauma, pancreatitis, li...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
Genome studies of heart valve tissue (HVT) in patients with structural valvular heart disease (sVHD) and acute infective endocarditis (aIE) showed polymicrobial infections. Subject of this study is the quantification of bacterial DNA in HVT of sVHD in comparison to aIE. It will be examined whether the bacterial DNA concentration can be used as surrogate marker to differentiate chronic and acute infections. DNA was isolated from HVT of 100 patients with sVHD and 23 microbiologically positively tested patients with aIE.
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ADULT – Original Submission Source Type: research
Abstract Background and Objectives: Infective endocarditis in the pulmonary position is a rare disease. Isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis is extremely rare. The aim of our study was to assess patients who were treated surgically for pulmonary endocarditis at our institution from January 2003 to December 2017. Materials and Methods: We analyze eight cases of infectious endocarditis in pulmonary position out of 293 patients who were operated for infective endocarditis (2.7%, 8/293). Only two of these eight patients were not related to congenital heart malformation. They were followed for early and late mortality...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis showed good results in our center. The independent predictors of 30-day postoperative mortality for patients who underwent cardiac surgery for infective endocarditis were age, body mass index, ischemic heart disease, prolonged aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass time, Staphylococcus aureus infection, paravalvular abscess, and septic or cardiogenic shock. PMID: 31480970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of transthoracic echocardiography for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) to provide a basis for the better treatment of IE. From October 2016 to October 2018, 87 consecutive patients with IE at our hospital were selected for this study. All the patients were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography. The morphology, structure, activity, and closure of the patients’ heart valves were observed for vegetation identification, and the size, number, location, morphology, and echo intensity of vegetation, as well as degree of valve involvement, were determine...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research
We reported a 35-year-old woman with a single atrium, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hypertension, and ES who developed infective endocarditis on her left ventricular outflow tract and complicated cerebral abscess and who underwent challenged medical treatment. Intervention: Infection was successfully controlled after 4-time change in antibiotics over 4 months. However, surgery is complicated for her. Outcomes: The patient presented a relatively good outcome during follow-up for>6 months. Lessons: This case report suggests that patients with complex CHD should accept surgery therapy earlier before deve...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
series:Cardiovascular MedicineThis book provides up-to-date and user-friendly guidance on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of heart and vascular disease. Chapters cover a broad range of issues related to valve disease, including rheumatic fever, aortic root dilatation, infective endocarditis, and heart disease in pregnancy. The physical examination of major valve lesions, imaging techniques, and choosing a balance ...
Source: Springer Medicine titles - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: Cardiology Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: IE remains an important clinical problem in a typical teaching tertiary care centre in SA. In this setting, it continues to affect mainly young people with post-inflammatory valve disease and congenital heart disease. The in-hospital mortality associated with IE remains high. Intravenous drug-associated endocarditis caused by S. aureus is an important IE subset, comprising ~10% of all cases, which was not reported 15 years ago, and culture-negative endocarditis remains highly prevalent. Heart failure in IE carries a significant risk of death and needs a more intensive level of care in hospital. Finally, cardia...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
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