Link feast

Our editor's pick of the 10 best psychology and neuroscience links from the last week or so:"We Are Complicit In Making These Groups All But Invisible"Martin Milton argues at The Psychologist that LGBT debate needs urgent progression in wake of the Orlando attack.Jerome S. Bruner, Who Shaped Understanding of the Young Mind, Dies at 100NYT obit.Koko: The Gorilla Who Talks To People (on iPlayer)Documentary telling the extraordinary story of Koko, the only 'talking' gorilla in the world, and her lifelong relationship with Penny Patterson, who taught her to communicate.Psychologists Grow Increasingly Dependent On Online Research SubjectsNew studies suggest that volunteer research subjects for Amazon Mechanical Turk—an online crowdsourcing service—are less numerous and diverse than hoped.VR Video Lets You See The World Through The Eyes Of An Autistic BoyThe virtual reality experience was made using feedback from the autistic communityWhat Crisis? – The Reproducibility Crisis (video and report)A huge audience of psychologists, students and researchers was drawn to the British Psychological Society debate in London about the reproducibility and replication crisis in psychology.Do You Have to Be a Jerk to Be Successful?Why the pervasive myth of the malcontent genius is harmful to our own creative development.‘I’d Have Said Let’s Not Do This’: What Osborne Never Asked His Nudge GuruAn interview with Professor Richard Thaler, god...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: blogs

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BACKGROUND: An emerging literature suggests that autistic adults are at increased risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts, making suicidal plans and attempts, and dying by suicide. However, few studies have investigated whether autistic traits are related t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
This study aimed to clarify the effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) for mothers of developmentally delayed children.METHODS The participants were 36 mothers of children using a development support classroom after a me...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe findings support the notion that this is a very promising sector which is expected to undergo an important increase in the coming years. There is a great need for highly customizable solutions. In parallel, researchers should focus on the importance of developing applications for the real world and not only for controlled environments. Further studies employing artificial intelligence and affective computing are needed to support both diagnosis and therapeutic interventions as well.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese preliminary findings suggest that group differences between autistic and TD children may not always emerge on an ecologically valid, real world eyewitness identification lineup task, despite autistic children showing poorer performance on a standardized face memory task. However, as identification performance in both groups was low, it remains important for future research to identify how to scaffold eyewitness identification performance in both children with and without an autism diagnosis.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Kahlid Alshaigi, Reema Albraheem, Khalid Alsaleem, Moneer Zakaria, Aman Jobeir, Hesham AldhalaanAbstractBackgroundThe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosed children have social and cognitive disabilities. For parents, these behaviors can lead to humiliation, social exclusion and isolation. Stigma is a problem that not only may affect the individual with high functioning autism, but has the potential to extend to their family as well. Indeed, research indicates that the parents of children with dis...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Recently, one of the students whom I was precepting at my primary care site stated “we didn't learn much about the measles.” To which I replied, “no, we haven't talked much about the measles.” Certainly, the students had memorized the standard immunization schedule and were aware of the thoroughly debunked theory linking the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to autism, b ut they needed a refresher on the presenting signs and symptoms of the extremely contagious viral infection and how to educate their patients and families.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Childhood autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can easily be misdiagnosed, due to the non-specific social and communicational deficits associated with the disorder. The present study aimed to profile the mental development and visual attention towards emotion among preschool children with mild or moderate ASD who were attending mainstream kindergartens. A total of 21 children (17 boys and 4 girls) diagnosed with mild or moderate ASD selected from 5178 kindergarten children from the Xi’an city were recruited. Another group of 21 typical developmental (TD) children who were matched with age, gender and class served as contro...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aimed to address this by collecting data on social attention (eye tracking), emotional arousal (skin conductance level; SCL) and emotional awareness (self- report) in a paradigm with social emotional video clips. 52 young, intelligent adults with ASD (IQrange = 88 - 130, Agerange = 18 - 24) and 31 typically developing (TD) ASD (IQrange = 94 - 139, Agerange = 19- 28) gender matched controls participated, and reported on severity of autism symptoms (SRS-A). Results showed no group difference in social attention, while autism symptom severity was related to decreased attention to faces across participants (r = -.32...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Major challenges to identifying genes that contribute to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk include the availability of large ASD cohorts, the contribution of many genes overall and small effect sizes attributable to common gene variants. An alternative approach is to use a model organism to detect alleles that impact ASD-relevant behaviors and ask whether homologous human genes infer ASD risk. Here we utilized the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel (DGRP) as a tool to probe for perturbation in naturally occurring behaviors in Drosophila melanogaster that are analogous to three behavior domains: impaired social communicat...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, we critically evaluate the effect of brain parcellations on machine learning models applied to rs-fMRI data. Our experiments reveal an intriguing trend: On average, models with stochastic parcellations consistently perform as well as models with widely used atlases at the same spatial scale. We thus propose an ensemble learning strategy to combine the predictions from models trained on connectivity data extracted using different (e.g., stochastic) parcellations. We further present an implementation of our ensemble learning strategy with a novel 3D Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) approach. The proposed CNN...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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