Personalized Medicine: The Way Forward?
This article will look at some of the strategies already available to help healthcare professionals meet individual patient needs, in the multifaceted field of personalized medicine. Personalizing drug therapy for depression Research suggests that around 50 percent of patients with depression do not respond to first-line antidepressants. What can explain this, and how can it be solved? Current treatment is often a case of trial and error. A patient may take one medication after another, often for 12 weeks or more each time, while symptoms remain the same, or worsen. A team from King's College London in the United Kingdom recently announced a blood test that can predict with accuracy and reliability whether an individual patient will respond to common antidepressants. This, they say, "could herald a new era of personalized treatment for patients with depression." High levels of blood inflammation have been linked to a lower response to antidepressants, so the team designed a test to distinguish levels of blood inflammation. It evaluates the levels of two biomarkers: macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and interleukin (IL)-1β. Results showed that none of the patients with levels of MIF and IL-1β above a certain threshold responded to conventional antidepressants, while with inflammation levels below this threshold did tend to respond. The findings indicate that patients with higher levels of inflammation should use a combination of antidepre...
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology researchers reveal atomic structures of the abnormal tau filaments associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a head injury-associated neurodegenerative disease, differ in structure from those seen in Alzheimer’s disease.
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that the neural effects of AUD vary according to severity. Our results emphasize the utility of resting state fMRI as a neuroimaging biomarker for quantitative clinical evaluation of AUD.
ConclusionsFOSL1 is an independent prognostic biomarker of GC. Detecting FOSL1 expression could help stratify GC patients with high-risk and guide the precious treatment.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-6/Stat3 signaling pathway in human endometrial cancer cells invasion and migration. We demonstrated that Stat3 is activated in endometrial cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of Stat3 in endometrial cancer invasive capacity, we used Stat3 inhibitor Stattic and found that Stattic significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of endometrial cancer cells elevated by IL-6. Furthermore, we showed that Stat3 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression of MMP2 enhanced by IL-6, indicating that IL-6 promoted endometrial cancer invasion and migration by Stat3-in...
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Xiaobo He, Ying ShuAbstractIncreasing evidence has shown that dysregulation of mircoRNA (miRNA) is linked to the development and progression of human cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). In the current study, by analysing the GEO database (GSE78091), we found that miR-660 was significantly downregulated in GC. Consistently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that miR-660 was dramatically decreased in GC tissues and cell lines. Importantly, low miR-660 expression was closely related to larger tumor size (P&...
ConclusionsThe results pointed out that the high expression of miR-106b-5p serves as an independent factor for predicting the worse prognosis of RCC patients.
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): J. Randolph Clements, Ajay K. GhaiAbstractDisruption of the plantar plate is a common cause of forefoot pain, metatarsalgia, and metatarsophalangeal joint malalignment. Although surgical repair of the plantar plate has improved, there has been no consensus on the clinical superiority of any single technique, or combination of techniques, described in the literature to date. In this publication, we report a case of plantar plate injury treated with an innovative new technique with 20-month follow-up.
ConclusionThe study concluded that the glenoid version angle and humeral head articulation percentage do not negatively affect results of the tendon transfer around the shoulder in patients of upper brachial plexus birth palsy.Level of evidenceIV.
Conclusions: DIM is a very rare tumour. The global survival is excellent. Conservative treatment with PT is an efficient alternative to enucleation and allows good local tumour control. Cataract and glaucoma are the main radiation-related complications, but the corneal status was excellent due to the stem cell harvest prior to radiotherapy.Ocul Oncol Pathol
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