New microfluidic device offers means for studying electric field cancer therapy

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) A new MIT-designed microfluidic device with implantable electrodes slows tumor progression while leaving healthy cells intact.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 19 November 2018Source: Journal of Herbal MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew Croaker, Graham J. King, John H. Pyne, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie, Lei LiuAbstractBlack salve, used as an alternative skin cancer therapy, contains both herbal and chemical constituents, including extracts of the rhizomes of Sanguinaria canadensis and zinc chloride. Black salves may be ordered online and have been associated with cases of extensive tissue necrosis and treatment failures that have resulted in patient fatalities. Despite these adverse outcomes and continued use by patients, black salve products have not be...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Nougarède A, Rimokh R, Gillet G PMID: 30450157 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
AbstractCryopreservation of testis tissue is a promising approach to save fertility in prepubertal boys under going gonadotoxic cancer therapies. The using biopolymers as a basis of cryoprotective medium can be effective for the optimization of cryopreservation protocols of immature testicular tissue. The research purpose was to determine morphological parameters and metabolic activity of seminiferous tubules of immature rat testes under exposure to cryoprotective solution (DMSO) based on collagen or fibrin gels (CG or FG) as one of the first stages of developing the cryopreservation protocol. It was found that 30-min expo...
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsctDNA profiles appear to mirror the genomic landscape of metastatic prostate cancer tissue and may cost-efficiently provide somatic information in clinical trials designed to identify predictive biomarkers. However, intronic sequencing of the interrogated tumor suppressors challenges the ubiquitous focus on coding regions and is vital, together with profiling of synchronous white blood cells, to minimize erroneous assignments which in turn may confound results and impede true associations in clinical trials.
Source: Genome Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Erik W. J. Mollen, Jonathan Ient, Vivianne C. G. Tjan-Heijnen, Liesbeth J. Boersma, Lucio Miele, Marjolein L. Smidt, Marc A. G. G. Vooijs
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
(University of Tokyo) Melanoma skin cancer tumors grow larger and are more likely to metastasize due to interactions between a pair of molecules, according to experiments in mice and human cells. The results may restore the potential for a type of cancer therapy previously abandoned in clinical trials. The results also implicate one molecule already connected to obesity and dementia as a potential cause of metastasis, or spread of cancer cells to other areas of the body.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
(Charit é - Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin) The doctoral program 'CompCancer - Computational Methods in Oncology: Towards Personalized Medicine in Cancer Therapies' has received approval from the German Research Foundation (DFG). As part of this research program, a new generation of researchers will be developing computer-based tools for use in cancer research. The new Research Training Group is headed by Prof. Dr. Nils Bl ü thgen of Charit é - Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Cell membrane –camouflaged phototherapeutic nanoparticles are equipped with immune escape, in vivo prolonged circulation time, and homologous targeting, while their phototherapeutic activities remain nearly unchanged. This review highlights the recent advances in the development of biomimetic cell membrane –camouflaged nanoparticles for cancer phototherapy in living animals. AbstractPhototherapy including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs phototherapeutic agents to generate heat or cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS), and has therefore garnered particular interest for cancer ...
Source: Small - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings provide a novel biological basis to support the current successful strategy using combined VEGF/PD ‐1 signalling blockade in cancer therapy.
Source: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Morphology and size ‐controllable supramolecular nanocarriers are developed based on the same host –guest interactions by using different host−guest ratios. The obtained pH‐responsive supramolecular nanocarriers can selectively deliver doxorubicin to RGD receptor‐overexpressing cancer cells, leading to longer blood retention time, enhanced antitumor efficacy, and reduced systematic toxici ty in murine tumor model. AbstractThe targeting ability, drug ‐loading capacity, and size of the drug nanocarriers are crucial for enhancing the therapeutic index for cancer therapy. Herein, the morphology and size‐c...
Source: Small - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Full Paper Source Type: research
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