Uganda Rolls Out Compulsory Immunization to Dispel Anti-Vaccine Myths

Women wait to immunize their children at the Kisugu Health Centre in Kampala, Uganda, where free vaccinations take place. The nurse in the foreground is Betty Makakeeto. Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, Jun 29 2016 (IPS)Patience*, a Ugandan maid, planned on taking her three-year-old son for polio immunization during the country’s mass campaigns a year ago, until her landlord’s wife told her a shocking myth.“The medicine they are injecting them with means the boy when he’s an adult won’t be able to reproduce,” Patience, 32, recalled to IPS what she’d been informed. “She said: ‘Don’t even think about immunization’.”Patience said that in her neighborhood, the Kyebando slum in Kampala, many families “lied to medical personnel” because they were “terrified” about what this woman had told them.Earlier this year, the country’s president signed the Immunization Act 2016, prescribing fines, a jail term of six months or both, for parents who don’t vaccinate their children in the age bracket of five days to one year old.“They said the vaccines are made out of pigs, wild animals, (that) our children will behave like wild animals.” -- MP Huda OleruThe Act also requires the production of an immunization card before admission to day care centres, pre-primary or primary education. It also aims to provide for compulsory immunization of women of reproductive a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Headlines Health Population Poverty & SDGs Religion Women's Health immunisation Maternal and Child Health Uganda Vaccination Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Gerald L. Murray, Theeraya Simawaranon, Chamraj Kaewraemruaen, Ben Adler, Rasana W. SermswanAbstractA previously-described live, attenuated vaccine (M1352, serovar Manilae, serogroup Pyrogenes) was tested in the hamster model of infection for cross-protective immunity. The vaccine elicited strong, significant cross-protection against lethal infection by strains representing four serologically distinct leptospiral serovars (Grippotyphosa, Australis, Canicola, and Autumnalis). Combined with our previously reported protection against sero...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: Fish &Shellfish Immunology, Volume 81Author(s): Pengfei Mu, Yuhua Wang, Jingqun Ao, Chunxiang Ai, Xinhua ChenAbstractInterleukin-2 (IL-2), an important immunomodulatory cytokine, plays a crucial role in promoting the proliferation, activation and differentiation of T cells. Here, the cDNA of an IL-2 homologue (LcIL-2) in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) was cloned by RACE-PCR techniques. The open reading frame (ORF) of LcIL-2 gene is 426 bp long and encoded a precursor protein of 141 amino acids (aa), with a 20-aa signal peptide and a 121-aa mature peptide containing two ...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Tsia-Shu Lo, Nagashu Shailaja, Sandy Chua, Ling-Hong Tseng, Chuan-Chi Kao, Ming-Ping WuAbstractStudy ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical outcome and identify risk factors for failure of Solyx™ single-incision sling (SIS) in the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI).DesignRetrospective observational study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2)SettingTertiary referral centerPatientsPatients diagnosed with USI without needing concurrent procedures that underwent continence surgery using the Solyx SIS fr...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusion Correlation is not causation. While many advocates of reduced interactions between “commercial” interests and physicians have implied or directly suggested a quid pro quo between industry meals and other financial interactions and prescribing habits, correlation alone does not prove a quid pro quo relationship. In the case of opioid prescribing, we believe that we have presented a strong case that 1) the relationship between industry payments and prescribing is much weaker than has been presented in the literature, and 2) that prescribing and attendance at manufacturer-sponsored informational lunches...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Reanalysis Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThe treatment of chronic HCV infection for genotypes 1, 2 or 3 with the therapeutic regimens established by the Brazilian guidelines showed high rates of SVR, even in cirrhotic patients.
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Carolina Salazar, Sergio H. MarshallAbstractInfectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is the causative agent of infectious salmon anemia (ISA), a relatively novel disease primarily affecting farmed salmon species, primarily in Salmo salar specimens, causing severe outbreaks in most producer countries. Although ISAV has been extensively studied at the molecular level, not much is known about the host/cell interaction at the small RNA level. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNA that regulate mRNA expression at the post-transcriptional...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): D. Jouck, K. Magerman, L. Bruckers, L. Waumans, A. Forier, M. Blommen, D. WalgraeveSummaryMost guidelines recommend replacing endoscopic water bottles at least daily with newly sterilized or high-level disinfected water bottles. All these recommendations, however, are mainly based on expert opinions and outbreak reports. We tested the water quality from water bottles used in a gastrointestinal endoscopy unit where water bottles were used up to five days. The results show that the reuse of water bottles for more than one day is in...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Drug resistance is still the major threat to global tuberculosis (TB) control, and drug-resistant (DR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) strains have become the main challenge worldwide. Currently used antibiotics for treatment of DR-TB are often poorly tolerated and not sufficiently effective. Since the therapeutic options are still limited, the main strategy for treatment of DR-TB is to repurpose existing anti-mycobacterial agents. Clofazimine (CFZ) is one such drug that has recently attracted interest against DR-TB. CFZ is a hydrophobic riminophenazine that was initially synthesized as an an...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITM) concurrent with modified-live virus (MLV) vaccination on protection from bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection in dairy calves. In a previous study (Palomares et al., 2016), thirty dairy calves received two doses of a MLV vaccine subcutaneously (SC), concurrently with ITM (n = 15) or saline (n = 15), SC. Five months later, 20 of these calves received ITM (G1, n = 10) or saline (G2, n = 10) according to their previous groups and were challenged intranasally with BVDV2. Five unvaccinated calves were also challenged with BVDV2 ...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Ibrahim E, Sultan W, Helal S, Abo-Elwafa H, Abdelaziz A Abstract BACKGROUND: Conscious sedation is usually required during flexible bronchoscopy. Sedation should be achieved without respiratory depression or loss of consciousness. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of pregabalin pre-medication on reducing the amount of sedatives and to show its advantages for patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy with dexmedetomidine. METHODS: Seventy patients undergoing elective flexible bronchoscopy were randomly divided into two groups of 35 patients each. All patients received premedication o...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
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