Intraperitoneal ropivacaine and early postoperative pain and postsurgical outcomes after laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in toddlers: a randomized clinical trial

Summary BackgroundPostoperative pain can cause physiological distress, postoperative complications, and extended lengths of hospitalized stay. In children, management of postoperative pain is still recognized as being inadequate. ObjectiveThe aim of this trial was to investigate the effects of intraperitoneal ropivacaine on postoperative pain, and recovery of bowel function and emetic events after laparoscopic herniorrhaphy in toddlers. MethodsSeventy‐six children aged from 9 months to 3 years were recruited between August 2013 and June 2014 at Tongji Hospital and randomly assigned into two groups. One group received intraperitoneal ropivacaine right before surgery and the control group received intraperitoneal saline. A standard combined general anesthesia procedure was performed under regular monitoring. Postoperative pain was assessed by the FLACC scale. Postoperative analgesic consumption, time to flatus, time to first stool, and postoperative emetic events were also recorded. ResultsWhen compared with the control group, children who received intraperitoneal ropivacaine experienced less pain 0–4 h after surgery [P
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

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Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThoracic epidural anesthesia is no longer considered the gold standard for perioperative analgesia in laparoscopic colorectal procedures. In the search for alternatives, the efficacy of the transverse abdominal plane (TAP) block and other abdominal wall blocks such as the transmuscular quadratus lumborum (TQL) block continues to be investigated for postoperative pain management. Most of the initial studies on TAP blocks reported positive effects; however, the amount of studies with negative outcomes is increasing, most probably due to the fact that the majority of abdominal wall blocks fail to mitigate vi...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Pain, Postoperative Interventions:   Drug: Gabapentin;   Drug: Acetaminophen;   Drug: Celecoxib;   Drug: Ketorolac;   Procedure: Paracervical block with ropivacaine;   Procedure: Local anesthetic injection with ropivacaine at abdominal laparoscopic port sites;   Drug: Hydromorphone;   Drug: Oxycodone Sponsor:   State University of New York at Buffalo Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: Since ERAS was introduced, the advantages of epidural anesthesia vanished while the incidence of serious neurological complications is higher than previously thought. The authors conclude that epidural anesthesia in abdominal surgery has become less preferred, and is limited to patients and types of surgery known to be accompanied with difficult pain management. This requires the use of other methods for analgesia, such as intravenous ketamine, peripheral nerve blocks, continuous wound infiltration, intrathecal morphine, and intravenous, and non-invasive PCA. PMID: 32420713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
We describe the use of preoperatory bilateral ESPB at level T10 to provide postoperative analgesia following THL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 10 ASA 1-2 patients scheduled for TLH. After written informed consent we performed bilateral ESPB at T10 level in sitting position, with a linear probe and in plane cranio-caudal approach and ropivacaine 0.5% 20 for each side. The sensitive block was tested by pinprick. Standard general anesthesia was administered. Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine 1 mg/ml was delivered. We measured postoperative pain by visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: Five patients...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionIntroduction of SIVA into the postoperative pain management protocol of LGS may reduce the incidence of PONV and the amount of adjunctive antiemetic medication required from postoperative days 0 to 1. In patients undergoing LGS, PONV prophylaxis using antiemetics should be prescribed depending on PONV risk profile; however, SIVA prophylaxis can be used in all patients regardless of PONV risk profile.
Source: Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSuper morbidly obese patients required fewer opioids and analgesics perioperatively. They exhibited higher comorbidities with greater anaesthesia time and ICU admissions. PACU stay time and pain scores were comparable.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Chiara Piliego, Ferdinando Longo, Felice Eugenio AgròSaudi Journal of Anaesthesia 2020 14(2):275-276
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pre-incisional single dose ketamine reduces postoperative opioids consumption, but does not have an effect of postoperative pain intensity and side effects after remifentanil infusions. Very high patient satisfaction is achieved if standard multimodal analgesia protocol with an individual assessment of pain and dosage of medications is followed. PMID: 32110882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract This Committee Opinion provides guidance on the current uses of hysteroscopy in the office and the operating room for the diagnosis and treatment of intrauterine pathology and the potential associated complications. General considerations for the use of diagnostic and operative hysteroscopy include managing distending media, timing for optimal visualization, and cervical preparations. In premenopausal women with regular menstrual cycles, the optimal timing for diagnostic hysteroscopy is during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle after menstruation. Pregnancy should be reasonably excluded...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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