Impact of alcohol and alcohol mixed with energy drinks on non-medical prescription stimulant use in a nationally representative sample of 12th-grade students.

Impact of alcohol and alcohol mixed with energy drinks on non-medical prescription stimulant use in a nationally representative sample of 12th-grade students. Am J Addict. 2016 Jun 24; Authors: Housman JM, Williams RD, Woolsey CL Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 30% of high school students use energy drinks. Alcohol use and alcohol mixed with energy drink use (AmED) is associated with risky behavior, including non-medical prescription stimulant use. We assessed alcohol-only, AmED and non-medical prescription stimulant use among 12th grade students in the U.S. using a nationally representative secondary data from the 2012 Monitoring the Future Study. METHODS: Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests and logistic regression analyses were used to determine differences in non-medical prescription stimulant use by students who used alcohol-only versus AmED and to identify covariates of non-medical prescription stimulant use. Pearson-product moment coefficients were used to determine strength of variable relationships. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in frequency of Ritalin (p 
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Talise E. Müller, Barbara D. Fontana, Kanandra T. Bertoncello, Francini Franscescon, Nathana J. Mezzomo, Julia Canzian, Flavia V. Stefanello, Matthew O. Parker, Robert Gerlai, Denis B. RosembergAbstractDrug abuse and brain disorders related to drug comsumption are public health problems with harmful individual and social consequences. The identification of therapeutic targets and precise pharmacological treatments to these neuropsychiatric conditions associated with drug abuse are urgently...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeBrain positron emission tomography using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG-PET) provides a metabolic assessment of brain function that is useful for differential diagnosis among several neurodegenerative diseases manifested by cognitive impairment (CI). The purpose of the study is to describe the pattern of 18FDG-PET abnormalities in patients with CI related to alcohol use disorder.MethodsPatients admitted to the addiction medicine department of a university hospital in Paris between January 2017 and October 2018 with a confirmed diagnosis of alcohol-related cognitive impairment (ARCI) or Wernicke encephalopathy...
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough accidental or voluntary intake of alcoholic beverages cannot be excluded, the external contamination of children ’s hair by EtG-containing wine and sweat or urine of the alcohol abusing parents is assumed to be the most probable explanation for the positive EtG results in hair of 1–5-year-old children.
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - Category: Medical Law Source Type: research
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was studied from the 1950s to the 1970s to evaluate behavioral and personality changes, as well as remission of psychiatric symptoms in various disorders. LSD was used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, psychosomatic diseases and addiction. However, most of the studies were not performed under contemporary standards, and it has taken several decades for a resurgence of interest in LSD research and its therapeutic potential for psychiatry. The aim of this review is to identify controlled and randomized clinical trials that assess the potential use of LSD in psychiatry. PRISMA guideline...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study, we discovered that chronic alcohol treatment increased editing of RNA of 5-HT2CR via up-regulating the expression of ADAR2, consequently reducing the release of ATP from astrocytes induced by 5-HT2CR agonist, MK212. Moreover, SSRI antidepressant fluoxetine decreased the expression of ADAR2 through the transactivation of EGFR/PI3K/AKT/cFos signalling pathway. The increased release of astroglial ATP by MK212 which was suppressed by chronic alcohol consumption, and reduction in ADAR2 activity eliminated the RNA editing of 5-HT2CR increased by alcohol in vitro and recovered the release of ATP from astrocytes ind...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This article includes references to self-injury, intravenous drug use and disordered eating.* One in five US high school students have reported being bullied. Approximately 160,000 teenagers have skipped school as a preventative measure. I encountered bullies for the first time in second grade, in the midst of such an innocent time of my youth. I dreaded entering my elementary school classroom, as I was well aware of what my presence would entail. I endured both verbal and physical harassment from my fellow peers for nearly a decade. I was passive, inevitably leading to the acceptance of my “fate,” in addition ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anorexia Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Personal Stories Substance Abuse Addiction Recovery Anorexia Nervosa Drug Use heroin Self Harm Self Injury Source Type: news
I am continually amused by the claims of Trumpistas that the U.S. is experiencing an economic resurgence and utopia, for which of course the vulgarian in chief deserves all the credit. Joseph Stiglitz, who unlike them and me has won a Nobel Memorial Prize in economics (it's not a real Nobel prize, economists added it later because they wanted one too)knows otherwise.This is a fairly dense essay which it's difficult to summarize without quoting, but I'll try. Meanwhile one pull quote:Two years ago, a few rare corporate leaders were concerned about climate change, or upset at Trump ’s misogyny and bigotry. Most, howeve...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The distinctive patterns of the consumption-to-pain-interference relation observed among men with elevated AUD symptomatology suggest that this relation might be driven by different mechanisms across different groups of individuals. Specifically, the detrimental effect of alcohol on pain interference might emerge at relatively advanced stages of AUD among men, consistent with Koob's Dark Side of Alcohol Addiction theory in human research. PMID: 31957038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This analysis provides evidence for the construct validity and measurement invariance of the ANA negative emotionality domain among AUD treatment-seekers. Future studies are needed to evaluate prospective associations between negative emotionality and specific treatment modalities, and whether individuals with greater negative emotionality are more likely to respond to treatment that targets drinking to relieve negative affective states. PMID: 31957027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
The exact length of time that molly, or MDMA, stays in a person's system depends on several factors, including how much of the drug they have taken. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news
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